идти

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since the 14th century, under influence of иду (idu), идёшь (idjóšʹ), etc. From Old East Slavic ити (iti), from Proto-Slavic *jьti (to go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

идти́ (idtíimpf (perfective пойти́) (concrete verbs)

  1. to go
  2. to walk
  3. to rain, snow, hail (with weather)
    идёт дождьidjót doždʹ ― it’s raining
    идёт снегidjót sneg ― it’s snowing
  4. to function, to work
  5. to suit, to become of clothes
    Э́тот костю́м ему́ идёт.
    Étot kostjúm jemú idjót.
    This suit suits him

Usage notes[edit]

Идти and пойти́ (pojtí) are Russian concrete verbs. Their counterpart, ходи́ть (xodítʹ), is an abstract verb.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • иду in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv
  • идти” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 1, page 337