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PIE root

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic врѣмѧ ‎(vrěmę). The so-called н-declension of this and a dozen other similar neuter nouns stems from the fact that the word-final -я was the nasal vowel Ѧ, ѧ (little yus) in Old Church Slavonic, resulting in the -ен- before all the case endings in the modern language. Compare Old East Slavic веремя ‎(veremja), which is a regular East Slavic reflex of Late Proto-Slavic *vermę by means of pleophony, as opposed to liquid metathesis which occurred in Old Church Slavonic to resolve closed syllable.



вре́мя ‎(vrémjan inan ‎(genitive вре́мени, nominative plural времена́)

  1. time
    вре́мя го́да‎ ― vrémja góda ― season
    во вре́мя‎ ― vo vrémja ― during
    в настоя́щее вре́мя‎ ― v nastojáščeje vrémja ― at present
    в ско́ром вре́мени‎ ― v skórom vrémeni ― soon
    в то же вре́мя‎ ― v to že vrémja ― at that same time
    за после́днее вре́мя‎ ― za poslédneje vrémja ― recently
    вре́мя от вре́мени‎ ― vrémja ot vrémeni ― from time to time
    ско́лько вре́мени?‎ ― skólʹko vrémeni? ― how long?; what time is it?
    по ме́стному вре́мени‎ ― po méstnomu vrémeni ― (by) local time
    в режи́ме реа́льного вре́мени‎ ― v režíme reálʹnovo vrémeni ― (in) real time
  2. weather
  3. (grammar) tense



Related terms[edit]