град

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See also: гряд

Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gordъ (settlement, enclosed place), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gordos, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰordʰ-o-, *ǵʰortós.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. town, city
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. hail, hailstorm
Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gordъ (settlement, enclosed place).

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. city, town
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. hail
Inflection[edit]

Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-. Cognate with Limburgish grúodas (Proto-Balto-Slavic *grōda-), Latin grandō, Old Armenian կարկուտ (karkut), Old Indic *hrādúniṣ, and possibly with English grind.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (gradm inan (genitive гра́да, uncountable)

  1. (meteorology) hail
    Град идётGrad idjótIt’s hailing.
  2. volley, shower
    град пульgrad pulʹhail of bullets
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Old Church Slavonic градъ (grádŭ), which is a reflex of Proto-Slavic *gordъ (settlement, enclosed place). Doublet of го́род (górod) which was normally inherited by pleophony. Old Church Slavonic word shows liquid metathesis characteristic of South Slavic area.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (gradm inan (genitive гра́да, nominative plural гра́ды, genitive plural гра́дов)

  1. (pоetic, antiquated) town, city, used as a common city name suffix (Волгоград, Калининград, Ленинград)
    стольный градstolʹnyj gradcapital (city) (modern Russian: столица (stolica))
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from Latin gradus.

Noun[edit]

град. (grad.m inan (indeclinable)

  1. abbreviation of гра́дус (grádus, degree)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gordъ (settlement, enclosed place), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gordos, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰordʰos, *ǵʰortós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. city, town
  2. fortress, castle
  3. (usually after the proposition у) downtown, city centre
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̏д m (Latin spelling grȁd)

  1. hail
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin gradus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. (mathematics) gradian
  2. degree (measuring unit in various systems; the more usual and general term is сте̏пе̄н or сту̑пањ)
Declension[edit]