град

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See also: гряд

Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (hradm inan (genitive гра́ду, uncountable)

  1. (meteorology) hail

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. town, city
Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. hail, hailstorm
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. grad (unit of measurement)
Declension[edit]

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. city, town
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. hail
Declension[edit]

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d- or *ǵʰreh₃d-. Cognate with Lithuanian gruodas (Proto-Balto-Slavic *grōda-), Latin grandō, Old Armenian կարկուտ (karkut), Sanskrit ह्रादुनि (hrāduni, hail) and possibly with English grind.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (gradm inan (genitive гра́да, uncountable, diminutive гра́дик)

  1. (meteorology) hail
    Град идётGrad idjótIt’s hailing.
  2. volley, shower
    град пульgrad pulʹhail of bullets
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic градъ (gradŭ), which is a reflex of Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ. Doublet of го́род (górod), which was normally inherited by pleophony. Old Church Slavonic word shows liquid metathesis characteristic of South Slavic area.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (gradm inan (genitive гра́да, nominative plural гра́ды, genitive plural гра́дов)

  1. (poetic, antiquated) town, city, used as a common city name suffix (Волгоград, Калининград, Ленинград)
    стольный градstolʹnyj gradcapital (city)
    (modern Russian: столи́ца (stolíca))
    Synonym: го́род (górod) (regular term)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. city, town
  2. fortress, castle
  3. (usually after the proposition у) downtown, city centre
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̏д m (Latin spelling grȁd)

  1. hail
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin gradus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. (mathematics) gradian
  2. degree (measuring unit in various systems; the more usual and general term is сте̏пе̄н or сту̑пањ)
Declension[edit]

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɦrɑd]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

град (hradm inan (genitive гра́ду, nominative plural гра́ди, genitive plural гра́дів)

  1. (meteorology) hail

Declension[edit]

References[edit]