under-

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See also: under and ûnder

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English under-, from Old English under-, from Proto-Germanic *under, from Proto-Indo-European *ndhero- ‎(lower), akin to Old English under ‎(under, beneath), Old High German untar ‎(under), Latin infra ‎(below, beneath).

Prefix[edit]

under-

  1. Under (in any sense): insufficient, insufficiently, below what is correct; subordinate to; beneath or behind.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In many common cases, this prefix is attached directly to a word. When forming new words, however, it is typically hyphenated until the word becomes common.

Derived terms[edit]


Translations[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Prefix[edit]

under-

  1. under-
  2. sub-

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Prefix[edit]

under-

  1. under-
  2. sub-

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]



Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *under, from Proto-Indo-European *nter- ‎(between, among), akin to Old English under "between, among, in the presence of", Old High German untar "between, among", Latin inter "between, among". More at inter-.

Prefix[edit]

under-

  1. between, among
    understandan "to understand" (originally "to stand between", "be near to both sides")
    underscēotan ‎(to intercept)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *under, from Proto-Indo-European *ndhero- ‎(lower), akin to Old English under ‎(under, beneath), Old High German untar ‎(under), Latin infra ‎(below, beneath).

Prefix[edit]

under-

  1. beneath
  2. subordinate to
    underling ‎(underling, subordinate)