pea

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A pea plant, Pisum sativum (1).
Pea seeds in a pod (2).

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Back-formation from pease, an original singular reinterpreted as a plural. Further from Middle English pese (a pea), from Old English pisa, from Latin pisa, pisum, from Ancient Greek πίσον (píson).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pea (plural peas)

  1. A plant, Pisum sativum, member of the legume (Fabaceae) family.
  2. Any plant of the family Fabaceae.
  3. (cooking) The edible seed of Pisum sativum; the green pea.
  4. (cooking) The edible seed of various other pea plants.
  5. (Jamaica) Any of several varieties of bean.
    peas and rice
  6. (MLE, in the plural) Money.
    Man's making bare peas.
    • 2023, Nathan Bryon, Tom Melia, directed by Raine Allen-Miller, Rye Lane, spoken by Nathan (Simon Manyonda):
      Oh, come on. Help a brother out. People see you coppin', might inspire them. Look, I know you ain't payin' bills right now. Man must have bare peas saved up.
Usage notes[edit]

See usage notes at bean regarding the differences in terminology.

Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from pea (noun)
Descendants[edit]
  • Abenaki: piz (a pea)
  • Mohegan-Pequot: pish (a pea)
  • Yurok: pi·š, peeesh (a pea)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From having the appearance of a pea (see English etymology 1), the edible seed of Pisum sativum, the pea plant.

Noun[edit]

pea (plural peas)

  1. (baseball) A ball travelling at high velocity.
  2. (US, Indiana, gambling) Any of the small numbered balls used in a pea shake game.
  3. (astronomy) Ellipsis of green pea galaxy.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English pe, po, poue, pa, paue, from Old English pēa, pāwa (peacock) (compare Old English pāwe (peahen)) and Old Norse pái (peacock), both from Proto-Germanic *pāwô (peacock), from Latin pāvō (peacock). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Pau, West Frisian pau, Dutch pauw, German Pfau. Doublet of Pavo.

Noun[edit]

pea (plural peas)

  1. (rare, archaic) a peafowl
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

pea (plural peas)

  1. (nautical) Alternative form of peak

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. absolutive singular of pe

Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pea (Cantonese)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    pea [Cantonese]  ―  fong3 pe5 [Jyutping]  ―  to slack off

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pea (Cantonese)

  1. slack; without effort

Related terms[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pää, from Proto-Uralic *päŋe. Cognate with Finnish pää and Hungarian fej.

Noun[edit]

pea (genitive pea, partitive pead)

  1. head

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pea (not comparable)

  1. almost
    Pea iga kord seisab ta seal kohas.
    He stands there almost every time.
  2. soon, immediately, quickly (in modern use almost always together with some other word or affix, such as kohe, õige, nii, -gi)
    Kohe pea oleme kohal.
    Soon we'll be there.
    Rändurid uinusid pea.
    The travelers fell asleep quickly.

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bear.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. bear

Derived terms[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pea

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ペア

Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bear.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. bear

Rarotongan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English bear.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. bear

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English pear.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. pear

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English pair.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. pair

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpea/ [ˈpe.a]
  • Rhymes: -ea
  • Syllabification: pe‧a

Etymology 1[edit]

Deverbal from peer.

Noun[edit]

pea f (plural peas)

  1. (colloquial) drunkenness
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:borrachera

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

pea

  1. inflection of peer:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-pea (infinitive kupea)

  1. Applicative form of -pa: to give to

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -pea
Positive present -napea
Subjunctive -pee
Negative -pei
Imperative singular pea
Infinitives
Positive kupea
Negative kutopea
Imperatives
Singular pea
Plural peeni
Tensed forms
Habitual hupea
Positive past positive subject concord + -lipea
Negative past negative subject concord + -kupea
Positive present (positive subject concord + -napea)
Singular Plural
1st person ninapea/napea tunapea
2nd person unapea mnapea
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anapea wanapea
other classes positive subject concord + -napea
Negative present (negative subject concord + -pei)
Singular Plural
1st person sipei hatupei
2nd person hupei hampei
3rd person m-wa(I/II) hapei hawapei
other classes negative subject concord + -pei
Positive future positive subject concord + -tapea
Negative future negative subject concord + -tapea
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -pee)
Singular Plural
1st person nipee tupee
2nd person upee mpee
3rd person m-wa(I/II) apee wapee
other classes positive subject concord + -pee
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -sipee
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngepea
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singepea
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalipea
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalipea
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -apea)
Singular Plural
1st person napea twapea
2nd person wapea mwapea
3rd person m-wa(I/II) apea wapea
m-mi(III/IV) wapea yapea
ji-ma(V/VI) lapea yapea
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chapea vyapea
n(IX/X) yapea zapea
u(XI) wapea see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwapea
pa(XVI) papea
mu(XVIII) mwapea
Perfect positive subject concord + -mepea
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshapea
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -japea
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kipea
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipopea
Consecutive kapea / positive subject concord + -kapea
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kapee
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nipea -tupea
2nd person -kupea -wapea/-kupeeni/-wapeeni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mpea -wapea
m-mi(III/IV) -upea -ipea
ji-ma(V/VI) -lipea -yapea
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kipea -vipea
n(IX/X) -ipea -zipea
u(XI) -upea see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kupea
pa(XVI) -papea
mu(XVIII) -mupea
Reflexive -jipea
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -pea- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -peaye -peao
m-mi(III/IV) -peao -peayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -pealo -peayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -peacho -peavyo
n(IX/X) -peayo -peazo
u(XI) -peao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -peako
pa(XVI) -peapo
mu(XVIII) -peamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -pea)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yepea -opea
m-mi(III/IV) -opea -yopea
ji-ma(V/VI) -lopea -yopea
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chopea -vyopea
n(IX/X) -yopea -zopea
u(XI) -opea see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kopea
pa(XVI) -popea
mu(XVIII) -mopea
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Tahitian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bear. Cognates include Hawaiian pea, Maori pea, Tokelauan pea and Wallisian pea.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. bear

Tokelauan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe.a/
  • Hyphenation: pe‧a

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *pea. Cognates include Tongan pea and Samoan pea.

Particle[edit]

pea

  1. Indicates a continuous action; keep on, continuously
  2. Indicates that the action was performed in spite of what preceded; nevertheless, still

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English pair.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. pair
  2. A woman's costume worn over a long skirt.

Verb[edit]

pea

  1. (stative) to be alike

Etymology 3[edit]

Te pea (3.1).
Te pea (3.2).

Borrowed from English pear.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. pear
  2. pear tree

Etymology 4[edit]

Te pea (4.1).

Borrowed from English bear. Cognates include Hawaiian pea, Maori pea, Tahitian pea and Wallisian pea.

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. bear

References[edit]

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[1], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 265

Wallisian[edit]

Pea

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bear. Cognates include Hawaiian pea, Maori pea, Tahitian pea and Tokelauan pea.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pe.a/
  • Hyphenation: pe‧a

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. bear

Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pea ? (plural peas)

  1. (anatomy) skin

West Makian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pea

  1. Alternative form of pia (rice)

References[edit]

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[2], Pacific linguistics