zirnis

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See also: žirnis

Latvian[edit]

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 zirnis on Latvian Wikipedia
Zirņi (2)
Zirņu pāksts (2)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žir-nya-, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źirˀna-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm, *grain, from the stem *ǵerh₂-, *ǵr̥h₂-, *ǵrē- (to mature, to ripen, to grow old) with an extra element -no-, probably an adjectivizer. In Eastern Baltic, this word narrowed its meaning from “grain” to only one kind of grain, “pea.” Cognates include Lithuanian žìrnis, Old Prussian syrnea (grain), Old Church Slavonic зрьно (zrĭno, grain), Old Irish grán, Persian خرمن (xarman), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽 (kaurn), Latin grānum.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

zirnis m (2nd declension)

  1. pea (several plants of the family Fabaceae, especially Pisium sativum)
    dārza zirnisgarden pea
    lauka zirnisfield pea
    sējas zirnissowing pea (Pisum sativum)
  2. pea (the grain of these plants, especially Pisum sativum)
    zirņu pākstspea pod
    lobīt zirņusto shuck, shell peas (pea pods)
    kaltēt zirņusto dry peas
    pelēkie zirņi ar speķigray peas with bacon
    zirņu zupapea soup

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zirnis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7