cod

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See also: COD, còd, and C.O.D.

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cod, codde, from Old English cod, codd (bag, pouch), from Proto-Germanic *kuddô, from Proto-Indo-European *gewt- (pouch, sack), from *gew-, *gū- (to bend, bow, arch, vault, curve). Cognate with Scots cod, codd, coad, kod (pillow, cushion), Low German Koden, Kon (belly, paunch), Dutch kodde (scrotum), Danish kodde (testicle), Swedish kudde (cushion), Faroese koddi (pillow), Icelandic koddi (pillow).

Noun[edit]

cod (plural cods)

  1. (obsolete) A small bag or pouch.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  2. (Britain, obsolete) A husk or integument; a pod.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke XV:
      And he wolde fayne have filled his bely with the coddes, that the swyne ate: and noo man gave hym.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
  3. (now rare) The scrotum (also in plural).
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, III.4:
      that which we call castoreum [] are not the same to be termed testicles or stones; for these cods or follicles are found in both sexes, though somewhat more protuberant in the male.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dunglison to this entry?)
  4. (obsolete or Britain dialectal, Scotland) A pillow or cushion.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Origin uncertain; perhaps ultimately the same as Etymology 1, above.

Noun[edit]

cod (usually uncountable, plural cod or cods)

  1. The Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua.
  2. The sea fish of the genus Gadus generally, as inclusive of the Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus)and Greenland cod (Gadus ogac or Gadus macrocephalus ogac).
  3. The sea fish of the family Gadidae which are sold as "cod", as haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and whiting (usually Merlangius merlangus).
  4. (informal, usually with qualifiers) Other unrelated fish which are similarly important to regional fisheries, as the hapuku and cultus cod.
  5. (informal, usually with qualifiers) Other unrelated fish which resemble the Atlantic cod, as the rock cod (Lotella rhacina) and blue cod (Parapercis colias).
Usage notes[edit]

The term Atlantic cod is now used where it is desired to distinguish the other members of Gadus or the Gadidae. Similar qualifiers are used to distinguish the other members, as well as the unrelated fish in the term's other senses. The plural form cod has become more common than the form cods.

Hypernyms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Origin unknown.

Noun[edit]

cod (plural cods)

  1. A joke or an imitation.
    I assume it all could just be a cod.
  2. A stupid or foolish person.
    He's making a right cod of himself.

Adjective[edit]

cod (comparative more cod, superlative most cod)

  1. Having the character of imitation; jocular. (now usually attributive, forming mostly compound adjectives).
    “Illegitimi non carborundum” is a well-known example of cod Latin.
    Dalton categorises Muse's latest composition as “cod-classical bombast”.
  2. (Polari) Bad.
    • 1968 March 17, Hugh Paddick and Kenneth Williams as Julian and Sandy, Bona Rags (Round the Horne), season 4, written by Kenneth Horne:
      Sandy: Right, right, well I'll just open the wardrobe. Oh, here, look—his wardrobe. Ha!
      Julian: Ha! Oh what a naff lot!
      Sandy: It is a bit cod isn't it.
    • 1997, Gardiner, James, Who's a Pretty Boy Then?, page 137:
      Will you take a varder at the cartz on the feely-omi in the naf strides: the one with the bona blue ogles polarying the omi-palone with a vogue on and a cod sheitel.
    • 2016 September 18, Cotton, Antony, Twitter[1]:
      Hahahahaha! @AnnaJaneCasey Vada the homi ajax, with the naff riah and the cod lally drags. Ooooo she's camp...
Synonyms[edit]
  • (false, mock): faux, mock
  • (bad): For semantic relationships of this term, see bad in the Thesaurus.
Antonyms[edit]
  • (bad): bona (Polari)
  • (bad): For semantic relationships of this term, see bad in the Thesaurus.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

cod (third-person singular simple present cods, present participle codding, simple past and past participle codded)

  1. (slang, transitive, dialectal) To attempt to deceive or confuse.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English cod, codd (bag, pouch), from Proto-Germanic *kuddô, from Proto-Indo-European *gewt- (pouch, sack), from *gew-, *gū- (to bend, bow, arch, vault, curve).

Noun[edit]

cod (plural cods)

  1. scrotum

Derived terms[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Danish kodde or Old Norse koddi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cod (plural cods)

  1. pillow