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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English codling, codeling, equivalent to cod +‎ -ling.


codling (plural codlings)

  1. A young small cod.
  2. A hake (cod-related food fish), notably from the genus Urophycis.

Etymology 2[edit]

codle +‎ -ing



  1. present participle of codle

Etymology 3[edit]

  • Some dictionaries, including Merriam-Webster online, list Middle English querdlyng, -lyng as equivalent to modern -ling.
  • Some dictionaries, including Collins Online, state that the etymology is unknown.

Alternative forms[edit]


codling (plural codlings)

  1. A small, immature apple
    • 1601–02, William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, act 1, scene 5:
      Malvolio: Not yet old enough for a man, nor yong enough
      for a boy: as a squash is before tis a pescod, or a Codling
      when tis almost an Apple: Tis with him in standing water,
      betweene boy and man. He is verie well-fauour'd,
      and he speakes verie shrewishly: One would thinke his
      mothers milke were scarse out of him
    • 1800, Hannah Glasse and Maria Wilson, The Complete Confectioner, Creams, &c.:
      To make Codling Cream.
      Take twenty fair codlings, core them, beat them in a mortar with a pint of cream, strain it into a dish, put into it some crumbs of brown bread, with a little-sack, and dish it up.
  2. Any of various greenish, elongated English apple varieties, used for cooking

See also[edit]


  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967