-ling

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See also: ling and Ling

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, from Proto-Germanic *-lingaz, a nominal suffix, probably composed of Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent/instrumental/diminutive suffix) + Proto-Germanic *-ingaz (patronymic suffix). Akin to Dutch -ling, German -ling, Icelandic -lingur, Gothic -𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 ‎(-liggs) (in 𐌲𐌰𐌳𐌹𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 ‎(gadiliggs)). More at -le, -ing.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. A diminutive modifier of nouns having either:
    1. The physical sense of "a younger, smaller or inferior version of what is denoted by the original noun".
    2. The derived sense indicating possession of or connection with a quality, which may have the sense of "a follower or resident of what is denoted by the stem form".

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Words ending in -ing derived from a root ending on -l or in a mute -le, such as dazzling, have usually only an accidental resemblance, though sometimes there is a connection, as in sidling, which comes both directly from Middle English in this form, and as conjugated from of the derived modern English verb sidle.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, -linga, -lunga ‎(adverbial suffix). Compare -long.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. (as an adverb) In the manner or direction indicated by the main stem (object.)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Result of wrong segmentation of nouns with an -ing suffix. See above (English).

Suffix[edit]

-ling m

  1. A suffix that describes a male person (or other creature) in terms of a place of origin or a quality, as defined by the root to which it is added.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See above (English).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling m ‎(genitive -linges or -lings, plural -linge)

  1. A diminutive modifier of nouns having the physical sense of a younger, smaller or inferior version of what is denoted by the original noun.
  2. Indicates possession of or connection with a quality or property, such as Schwächling from schwach (one who is weak) or Frühling from früh (the season [Spring] which comes early).
  3. A diminutive modifier of nouns, meaning a follower or resident of what is denoted by the stem form.

Derived terms[edit]



Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From alteration of suffixal use of Old English lang ‎(long)

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. adverbial suffix denoting direction, state or position
    hinderling "backwards"

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-lingaz

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. suffix used in forming personal nouns
    dēorling "favorite, darling"
    rǣpling "prisoner, captive, criminal"

Descendants[edit]