-ling

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See also: ling, líng, lìng, līng, and lǐng

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, from Proto-Germanic *-lingaz, a nominal suffix, probably composed of Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent/instrumental/diminutive suffix) + Proto-Germanic *-ingaz (patronymic suffix). Akin to Dutch -ling, German -ling, Icelandic -lingur, Gothic -𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 (-liggs) (in 𐌲𐌰𐌳𐌹𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 (gadiliggs)). More at -le, -ing.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. A suffix forming diminutives with the meanings of:
    1. a small, immature, or miniature version of what is denoted by the main stem.
    2. a follower or resident of what is denoted by the original root or stem.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Words ending in -ing derived from a root or stem terminating in -l or -le, such as dazzling, have usually only an accidental resemblance, although sometimes there is a connection, as in sidling, which derives from Middle English in this form, and which is also a present participle form of the modern English verb to sidle, which in itself is a back-formation from sidling.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, -linga, -lunga (adverbial suffix). Compare -long.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. An adverbial suffix denoting manner, direction or position.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Result of wrong segmentation of nouns with an -ing suffix. See above (English).

Suffix[edit]

-ling m

  1. A suffix that describes a male person (or other creature) in terms of a place of origin or a quality, as defined by the root to which it is added.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See above (English).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling m (genitive -linges or -lings, plural -linge)

  1. A diminutive modifier of nouns having the physical sense of a younger, smaller or inferior version of what is denoted by the original noun.
  2. Indicates possession of or connection with a quality or property, such as Schwächling from schwach (weakling) or Frühling from früh (the season [Spring] which comes early).
  3. A diminutive modifier of nouns, meaning a follower or resident of what is denoted by the stem form.

Derived terms[edit]



Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From alteration of suffixal use of Old English lang (long)

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. adverbial suffix denoting direction, state or position
    hinderling "backwards"

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ilingaz

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. suffix used in forming personal nouns
    dēorling "favorite, darling"
    rǣpling "prisoner, captive, criminal"
  2. suffix forming diminutives
    stærlinc "starling"

Descendants[edit]