-ling

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See also: ling, líng, lìng, līng, and lǐng

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, from Proto-Germanic *-lingaz, a nominal suffix, probably composed of Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent/instrumental/diminutive suffix) + Proto-Germanic *-ingaz (patronymic suffix). Akin to Dutch -ling, German -ling, Icelandic -lingur, Gothic -𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 (-liggs) (in 𐌲𐌰𐌳𐌹𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 (gadiliggs)). More at -le, -ing.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. A suffix forming diminutives with the meanings of:
    1. a small, immature, or miniature version of what is denoted by the main stem.
    2. a follower or resident of what is denoted by the original root or stem.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Words ending in -ing derived from a root or stem terminating in -l or -le, such as dazzling, have usually only an accidental resemblance, although sometimes there is a connection, as in sidling, which derives from Middle English in this form, and which is also a present participle form of the modern English verb to sidle, which in itself is a back-formation from sidling.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, -linga, -lunga (adverbial suffix). Compare -long.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. An adverbial suffix denoting manner, direction or position.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a rebracketing of nouns with an -ing suffix. See above (English).

Suffix[edit]

-ling m

  1. A suffix that describes a person (or other creature) in terms of a place of origin or a quality, as defined by the root to which it is added.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See above (English).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling m (genitive -linges or -lings, plural -linge)

  1. A diminutive modifier of nouns having the physical sense of a younger, smaller or inferior version of what is denoted by the original noun.
  2. Indicates possession of or connection with a quality or property, such as Schwächling from schwach (weakling) or Frühling from früh (the season [Spring] which comes early).
  3. A diminutive modifier of nouns, meaning a follower or resident of what is denoted by the stem form.

Derived terms[edit]



Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From alteration of suffixal use of Old English lang (long)

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. adverbial suffix denoting direction, state or position
    hinderling (backwards)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ilingaz

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ling

  1. suffix used in forming personal nouns
    dēorling "favorite, darling"
    rǣpling "prisoner, captive, criminal"
  2. suffix forming diminutives
    stærlinc "starling"
  3. dynasty, lineage
    Icling ("dynasty of Icel" or "House of Icel"); Ætheling (House of Ethel)

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]