-ine

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See also: ine, Ine, iné, and ìne

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -ine, borrowed from Old French -ine, from Latin -īnus, from Ancient Greek -ινος (-inos). More at -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (depending on the word taking the suffix) IPA(key): /-aɪn/, /-iːn/, /-ɪn~-ən/

Suffix[edit]

-ine

  1. (chiefly non-productive) Of or pertaining to.
    asinine, marine, bovine, cervine
  2. Used to form demonyms.
    Levantine, Byzantine, Argentine
  3. (chemistry) Used to form names of chemical substances, especially basic (alkaline) substances, alkaloidal substances, or halogen elements.
    amine, aniline, caffeine, iodine
  4. (non-productive) Used to form feminine nouns.
    hero + ‎-ine → ‎heroine
    speaker + ‎-ine → ‎speakerine
  5. (non-productive) Used to form female given names or names of titles.
    Clement + ‎-ine → ‎Clementine
    landgrave + ‎-ine → ‎landgravine
  6. Commercial materials
    glass + ‎-ine → ‎glassine
Usage notes[edit]

While multiple pronunciations are given above for this suffix, they are not freely interchangeable; instead, each word taking the suffix often only takes one or two of the suffix's possible pronunciations. For example, feminine is almost always pronounced with /-ɪn/, while marine is almost always pronounced with /-iːn/. However, more technical terms (such as iodine, which can take any of the suffix's three possible pronunciations) may not have an established pronunciation, though in feminine names (Maxine) and chemical use (theobromine), the pronunciation /-iːn/ is the most frequent, while in other technical formations (bovine) /-aɪn/ is common.

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Variant of -en.

Suffix[edit]

-ine

  1. Can be used to denote the plural form of a small number of English words:
    cow + ‎-ine → ‎kine
    sow + ‎-ine → ‎swine

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same source as -ne (noun-forming suffix) (seen in murene, etc.), with contamination from -in (instrumental suffix) in both form and meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ineˣ/, [ine̞(ʔ)]

Suffix[edit]

-ine

  1. Forms diminutive forms of nouns, particularly for objects or tools.

Derived terms[edit]



French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-in +‎ -e

Suffix[edit]

-ine

  1. feminine singular of -in
  2. feminine equivalent of -in

Irish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ine f

  1. genitive of -in

Italian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ine f pl

  1. plural of -ina

Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-īne

  1. vocative masculine singular of -īnus