- (chiefly non-productive) Of or pertaining to.
- Used to form demonyms.
- (chemistry) Used to form names of chemical substances, especially basic (alkaline) substances, alkaloidal substances, or halogen elements.
- (non-productive) Used to form feminine nouns.
- (non-productive) Used to form female given names or names of titles.
- Commercial materials
While multiple pronunciations are given above for this suffix, they are not freely interchangeable; instead, each word taking the suffix often only takes one or two of the suffix's possible pronunciations. For example, feminine is almost always pronounced with /-ɪn/, while marine is almost always pronounced with /-iːn/. However, more technical terms (such as iodine, which can take any of the suffix's three possible pronunciations) may not have an established pronunciation, though in feminine names (Maxine) and chemical use (theobromine), the pronunciation /-iːn/ is the most frequent, while in other technical formations (bovine) /-aɪn/ is common.
Variant of -en.
- Can be used to denote the plural form of a small number of English words:
- “-ine” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, →ISBN.
- “-ine” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
- Forms diminutive forms of nouns, particularly for objects or tools.
- genitive of
-ine f pl
- plural of