Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-iHnos

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *-nós.

Suffix[edit]

*-iHnos

  1. Creates adjectives of materials.

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *-iHnos *-iHneh₂
genitive *-iHnosyo *-iHneh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *-iHnos *-iHnoh₁ *-iHnoes
vocative *-iHne *-iHnoh₁ *-iHnoes
accusative *-iHnom *-iHnoh₁ *-iHnoms
genitive *-iHnosyo *? *-iHnooHom
ablative *-iHnead *? *-iHnomos
dative *-iHnoey *? *-iHnomos
locative *-iHney, *-iHnoy *? *-iHnoysu
instrumental *-iHnoh₁ *? *-iHnōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *-iHneh₂ *-iHneh₂h₁(e) *-iHneh₂es
vocative *-iHneh₂ *-iHneh₂h₁(e) *-iHneh₂es
accusative *-iHnām *-iHneh₂h₁(e) *-iHneh₂m̥s
genitive *-iHneh₂s *? *-iHneh₂oHom
ablative *-iHneh₂s *? *-iHneh₂mos
dative *-iHneh₂ey *? *-iHneh₂mos
locative *-iHneh₂, *-iHneh₂i *? *-iHneh₂su
instrumental *-iHneh₂h₁ *? *-iHneh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *-iHnom *-iHnoy(h₁) *-iHneh₂
vocative *-iHnom *-iHnoy(h₁) *-iHneh₂
accusative *-iHnom *-iHnoy(h₁) *-iHneh₂
genitive *-iHnosyo *? *-iHnooHom
ablative *-iHnead *? *-iHnomos
dative *-iHnoey *? *-iHnomos
locative *-iHney, *-iHnoy *? *-iHnoysu
instrumental *-iHnoh₁ *? *-iHnōys

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Indo-European adjectives suffixed with *-iHnos not found


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *-iʔnos / *-īnos
  • Celtic: *-īnos
  • Germanic: *-īnaz (adjective of material)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: -ινος (-inos) (forms adjectives with the sense of 'of or pertaining to', including adjectives of material)
  • Latin: -īnus (of or pertaining to; -ine; usually indicates a relationship of position, possession, or origin)

References[edit]

  • For Greek, Moulton and Howard, page 359.