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From Proto-Indo-European *-trih₂ Cognate with the Sanskrit suffix -त्री ‎(-trī) as in जनित्री ‎(janitrī, mother); compare genetrix.

The origin of the medial -c- is unknown. Compare Proto-Slavic *-ica with the same element, and also with secondary thematicization.



-trīx f ‎(genitive -trīcis); third declension

  1. -ess, -rix; used to form a feminine agent noun
  2. Used to form feminine versions of adjectives (in the same way as above), often with a poetic quality and/or a negative connotation

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -trīx is added to a verb to create a third-declension feminine form of an agent noun.

cantrīx ‎(female singer); feminine counterpart of cantor ‎(male singer), from canō ‎(I sing)
tōnstrīx ‎(female hair cutter); feminine counterpart of tōnsor ‎(male hair cutter), from tondeō ‎(I shear, shave)
meretrīx ‎(prostitute", lit. "she who earns), from mereō ‎(I merit, deserve, earn)


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -trīx -trīcēs
genitive -trīcis -trīcum
dative -trīcī -trīcibus
accusative -trīcem -trīcēs
ablative -trīce -trīcibus
vocative -trīx -trīcēs

Related terms[edit]


See also[edit]