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Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Italic *merēō, cognate of Ancient Greek μέρος (méros, share, portion) (from Proto-Indo-European *(s)mer- (to assign, allot)) + -eo. See also Latin merx, Ancient Greek μείρομαι (meíromai, to receive as one's portion or due) and Hittite [Term?] (/mark/, to divide a sacrifice).



mereō (present infinitive merēre, perfect active meruī, supine meritum); second conjugation

  1. I earn, deserve, merit, obtain
  2. I serve, I render service to (with ablative of the person or thing interested)
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 17:
      sic se complures anuos illo imperante meruisse
      that they had served to him for many years as commander
  3. I earn a living


   Conjugation of mereō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mereō merēs meret merēmus merētis merent
imperfect merēbam merēbās merēbat merēbāmus merēbātis merēbant
future merēbō merēbis merēbit merēbimus merēbitis merēbunt
perfect meruī meruistī meruit meruimus meruistis meruērunt, meruēre
pluperfect merueram meruerās meruerat meruerāmus meruerātis meruerant
future perfect meruerō merueris meruerit meruerimus merueritis meruerint
passive present mereor merēris, merēre merētur merēmur merēminī merentur
imperfect merēbar merēbāris, merēbāre merēbātur merēbāmur merēbāminī merēbantur
future merēbor merēberis, merēbere merēbitur merēbimur merēbiminī merēbuntur
perfect meritus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect meritus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect meritus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present meream mereās mereat mereāmus mereātis mereant
imperfect merērem merērēs merēret merērēmus merērētis merērent
perfect meruerim meruerīs meruerit meruerīmus meruerītis meruerint
pluperfect meruissem meruissēs meruisset meruissēmus meruissētis meruissent
passive present merear mereāris, mereāre mereātur mereāmur mereāminī mereantur
imperfect merērer merērēris, merērēre merērētur merērēmur merērēminī merērentur
perfect meritus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect meritus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present merē merēte
future merētō merētō merētōte merentō
passive present merēre merēminī
future merētor merētor merentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives merēre meruisse meritūrum esse merērī meritum esse meritum īrī
participles merēns meritūrus meritus merendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
merendī merendō merendum merendō meritum meritū


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • mereo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mereo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mereo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to merit thanks; to do a thankworthy action: gratiam mereri
    • to deserve well at some one's hands; to do a service to..: bene, praeclare (melius, optime) mereri de aliquo
    • to deserve ill of a person; to treat badly: male mereri de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to serve in the cavalry, infantry: equo, pedibus merere (Liv. 27. 11)
    • (ambiguous) to serve: stipendia facere, merere