potior

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

potior (neuter potius); third declension

  1. more able, capable; more possible

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, comparative variant

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative potior potius potiōrēs potiōra
genitive potiōris potiōrum
dative potiōrī potiōribus
accusative potiōrem potius potiōrēs potiōra
ablative potiōre potiōribus
vocative potior potius potiōrēs potiōra

Verb[edit]

potior (present infinitive potīrī, perfect active potītus sum); fourth conjugation, deponent

  1. I obtain or acquire
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 6.6
      Caesar partitis copiis cum Gaio Fabio legato et Marco Crasso quaestore celeriterque effectis pontibus adit tripertito, aedificia vicosque incendit, magno pecoris atque hominum numero potitur.
      Caesar, having divided his forces with C. Fabius, his lieutenant, and M. Crassus his questor, and having hastily constructed some bridges, enters their country in three divisions, burns their houses and villages, and gets possession of a large number of cattle and men.
  2. I grasp
  3. I attain
  4. I seize or capture
  5. I control

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of potior (fourth conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present potior potīris, potīre potītur potīmur potīminī potiuntur
imperfect potiēbar potiēbāris, potiēbāre potiēbātur potiēbāmur potiēbāminī potiēbantur
future potiar potiēris, potiēre potiētur potiēmur potiēminī potientur
perfect potītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect potītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect potītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present potiar potiāris, potiāre potiātur potiāmur potiāminī potiantur
imperfect potīrer potīrēris, potīrēre potīrētur potīrēmur potīrēminī potīrentur
perfect potītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect potītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present potīre potīminī
future potītor potītor potiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives potīrī, potīrier1 potītus esse potītūrus esse
participles potiēns potītus potītūrus potiendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
potīrī, potīrier1 potiendī potiendō potiendum potītum potītū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Usage notes[edit]

Used with the ablative or genitive.

References[edit]

  • potior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • potior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “potior”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • potior” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (1) to usurp supreme power, (2) to be in a position of power: rerum potiri
    • to conquer a country: terra potiri
    • (ambiguous) there is nothing I am more interested in than..: nihil antiquius or prius habeo quam ut (nihil mihi antiquius or potius est, quam ut)
  • potior in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016