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From Proto-Italic *merk-, possibly from Etruscan, referring to various aspects of economics.


merx f ‎(genitive mercis); third declension

  1. merchandise, commodity
  2. goods


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative merx mercēs
genitive mercis mercum
dative mercī mercibus
accusative mercem mercēs
ablative merce mercibus
vocative merx mercēs

Derived terms[edit]


  • merx in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • merx in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • merx” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) the stipulated reward for anything: pacta merces alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to set out goods for sale: exponere, proponere merces (venales)
  • merchant in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911