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Alternative forms[edit]


From merx.



mercor (present infinitive mercārī or mercārier, perfect active mercātus sum); first conjugation, deponent

  1. to trade, deal, sell


   Conjugation of mercor (first conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mercor mercāris,
mercātur mercāmur mercāminī mercantur
imperfect mercābar mercābāris,
mercābātur mercābāmur mercābāminī mercābantur
future mercābor mercāberis,
mercābitur mercābimur mercābiminī mercābuntur
perfect mercātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mercātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mercātus + future active indicative of sum
sigmatic future1 mercāssor mercāsseris mercāssitur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mercer mercēris,
mercētur mercēmur mercēminī mercentur
imperfect mercārer mercārēris,
mercārētur mercārēmur mercārēminī mercārentur
perfect mercātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mercātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mercāre mercāminī
future mercātor mercātor mercantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mercārī,
mercātum esse mercātūrum esse
participles mercāns mercātus mercātūrus mercandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
mercandī mercandō mercandum mercandō mercātum mercātū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" tense is attested, which is used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, and, as the verb is deponent, takes the form of what would otherwise be the rare sigmatic future passive indicative tense (which is not attested in the plural for any verb).
2The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.

Derived terms[edit]


  • Asturian: mercar
  • Old Galician-Portuguese: mercar
  • Sicilian: mircari
  • Spanish: mercar

See also[edit]


  • mercor”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mercor”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mercor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette