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From ad- (to, towards, at) +‎ apīscor (reach after something, pursue; reach).



adipīscor (present infinitive adipīscī, perfect active adeptus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. I arrive at, reach; overtake, catch up with.
  2. I get, obtain, acquire, get possession of, achieve.

Usage notes[edit]

Since this verb is deponent, its past participle adeptus usually has an active sense ("having obtained"). But along with a few other (e.g. comitatus from comitor, complexus from complector) it can sometimes have a passive sense too ("obtained"), as in adepta libertate found in Sallustius.


   Conjugation of adipiscor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adipīscor adipīsceris, adipīscere adipīscitur adipīscimur adipīsciminī adipīscuntur
imperfect adipīscēbar adipīscēbāris, adipīscēbāre adipīscēbātur adipīscēbāmur adipīscēbāminī adipīscēbantur
future adipīscar adipīscēris, adipīscēre adipīscētur adipīscēmur adipīscēminī adipīscentur
perfect adeptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect adeptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect adeptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adipīscar adipīscāris, adipīscāre adipīscātur adipīscāmur adipīscāminī adipīscantur
imperfect adipīscerer adipīscerēris, adipīscerēre adipīscerētur adipīscerēmur adipīscerēminī adipīscerentur
perfect adeptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect adeptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adipīscere adipīsciminī
future adipīscitor adipīscitor adipīscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives adipīscī adeptus esse adeptūrus esse
participles adipīscēns adeptus adeptūrus adipīscendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
adipīscī adipīscendī adipīscendō adipīscendum adeptum adeptū


Usage notes[edit]


  • adipiscor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • adipiscor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • adipiscor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to win golden opinions from every one: maximam ab omnibus laudem adipisci
    • to win (undying) fame: gloriam (immortalem) consequi, adipisci
    • to attain eternal renown: immortalitatem consequi, adipisci, sibi parere
    • to reach the highest grade of office: amplissimos honorum gradus assequi, adipisci
    • to obtain the sovereignty, kingly office: regnum adipisci
    • to obtain justice: ius suum adipisci (Liv. 1. 32. 10)
    • to gain a victory, win a battle: victoriam adipisci, parere