-ag

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-a- +‎ -g

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ag

  1. (frequentative suffix) Added to a stem - often an onomatopoeia - to form a verb expressing a (quickly) repeating or continuous action.
    kacag ‎(to laugh)
  2. (nominal suffix) Added to a verb or a noun to form a noun or an adjective.
    oszt ‎(to deal out) → osztag ‎(squad)
    ‎(horse) → lovag ‎(knight)
    hallgat ‎(to remain silent) → hallgatag ‎(taciturn, reserved)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (frequentative suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -g is added to words ending in a vowel
    -og is added to some back vowel words
    -ag is added to other back vowel words
    -eg is added to unrounded front vowel words
    -ög is added to rounded front vowel words
  • (nominal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -g is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ag is added to back vowel words
    -eg is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-agaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-ko-. Cognate with Old English -ig, Dutch -ig, Old High German -ag, -īg (German -ig), Old Norse -agr, -igr; and with Welsh -eg, Latin -icus, Ancient Greek -ικός ‎(-ikós), Sanskrit -इक ‎(-ika).

Suffix[edit]

-ag

  1. forming adjectives from a-stem nouns and verbs (see English -y)

Related terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish -óc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ag

  1. A feminine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something.
    slat ‎(stick, rod, twig, switch, wand) → slatag ‎(violin bow, wand)
    bior ‎(prickle, thorn) → biorag ‎(small thorn, small prickle)
    nighean ‎(daughter, girl) → nìghneag ‎(little girl, daughterling)

Derived terms[edit]



Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ag

  1. Used to indicate an abundance.

Derived terms[edit]

Category Volapük words suffixed with -ag not found