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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ugric *luɣe, *luwɜ,[1][2] or from a Proto-Turkic source, compare Tatar alaša (‘pack horse’), Chuvash laša (‘horse’), Ottoman Turkish, Crimean Tatar, Kazakh, Karachay-Balkar alaša (‘horse’).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(plural lovak)

  1. horse
  2. (chess) knight
  3. (gymnastics) pommel horse

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lovak
accusative lovat lovakat
dative lónak lovaknak
instrumental lóval lovakkal
causal-final lóért lovakért
translative lóvá lovakká
terminative lóig lovakig
essive-formal lóként lovakként
essive-modal
inessive lóban lovakban
superessive lovon lovakon
adessive lónál lovaknál
illative lóba lovakba
sublative lóra lovakra
allative lóhoz lovakhoz
elative lóból lovakból
delative lóról lovakról
ablative lótól lovaktól
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lovam lovaim
2nd person sing. lovad lovaid
3rd person sing. lova lovai
1st person plural lovunk lovaink
2nd person plural lovatok lovaitok
3rd person plural lovuk lovaik

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

(Expressions):

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Hungarian · sakkfigurák, sakkbábuk (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
király vezér, királynő bástya, torony futó huszár, gyalog, paraszt

References[edit]

  1. ^ É. Kiss Katalin, Gerstner Károly, Hegedűs Attila: Fejezetek a magyar nyelv történetéből, Piliscsaba, 2013. ISBN 978-963-308-101-3.
  2. ^ “luwɜ (luγǝ)” in the Uralic Etymological Database
  3. ^ Mario Alinei (2003), "Interdisciplinary and linguistic evidence for Paleolithic continuity of Indo-European, Uralic and Altaic populations in Eurasia, with an excursus on Slavic ethnogenesis", Quaderni di semantica, vol. 26.

Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

 m

  1. (archaic or dialectal) dative singular of