Appendix:Emilian pronunciation

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Emilian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

As Emilian is not a standardised language, its pronunciation can differ greatly from area to area.

Consonants
  IPA   Examples English approximation
b butòun button
d dè day
f fója fine
ɡ gāt gain
k kān sky
l lê lick (clear L)
ʎ Emèlja roughly like million (General American) [1]
m mujêra mind
ɱ infjēr symphony
n nuēter no
ŋ in camping
ɲ njînta roughly like canyon[2]
p pám spy
r rás curd (Scottish English)[3]
s savêr between sir and shoe[4]
t tôr time
v vàder view
z azê between zeal and measure[5]
Semivowels
j tajêr yes
w ākwa we
Vowels[6]
  IPA   Examples English approximation
i partîr see
ɪ méster bit
e avêr dress
ɛ parlēr bed
a klà trap (Received Pronunciation)
ɐ mān nurse (Older Received Pronunciation)
ʌ kál strut
ɔ bōta between force and fog
o lôr horse
ʊ tút foot
u bû goose
Diphthongs
ɛi galèina roughly like bay[7]
ɔʊ bastòun roughly like down[8]
  1. ^ Rendered as [lj] by some speakers.
  2. ^ Rendered as [nj] by some speakers.
  3. ^ Varies from area to area and speaker to speaker, for example it is rendered as [ʁ] near Parma.
  4. ^ Generally pronounced between [s] and [ʃ], varying from area to area. Sometimes allophonic with [θ] or [ts].
  5. ^ Generally pronounced between [z] and [ʒ], varying from area to area. Sometimes allophonic with [ð] or [dz].
  6. ^ Emilian distinguishes between long and short vowels, in some dialects long vowels are rendered as diphthongs of similar vowels.
  7. ^ Rendered as [e] in some areas.
  8. ^ Rendered as [o] in some areas.