-ach

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See also: ach, ACH, and ách

Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ach

  1. (added to possessive nouns) our (inclusive)

Related terms[edit]



Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish -ach, from Proto-Celtic *-ākos, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂kos, *-eh₂ḱos, from a-stem suffix *-eh₂- + adjectival suffix *-kos, *-ḱos; compare Welsh -og.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ach ‎(epicene)

  1. Forms nouns/adjectives from other nouns and adjectives with the sense of ‘person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having’.
    Nouns:
    Éire(Ireland) + ‎-ach → ‎Éireannach(Irish (person))
    Sasana(England) + ‎-ach → ‎Sasanach(English (person))
    Adjectives:
    bunús(basis) + ‎-ach → ‎bunúsach(basic)
    fearg(anger) + ‎-ach → ‎feargach(angry)
    Also:
    Éireannach(Irish, adjective), Sasanach(English, adjective)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Nouns in -ach are first declension (for males) and second declension (for females).
  • Adjectives in -ach are first declension.

Derived terms[edit]



Middle Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *-ox, with the vowel altered by influence from -af.

Suffix[edit]

-ach

  1. forms a comparative adjective

Derived terms[edit]



Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *-ākos, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂kos, *-eh₂ḱos, from a-stem suffix *-eh₂- + adjectival suffix *-kos, *-ḱos. Doublet of -óc.

Compare Latin -ācus, -icus.

Suffix[edit]

-ach

  1. Forms adjectives meaning "related to, having, characterised by, prone to".
Usage notes[edit]

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -ech.

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Same as the adjective suffix -ach. Originally formed only adjectives, but the suffix was already used in Proto-Celtic to form nouns.

Suffix[edit]

-ach ?

  1. Forms nouns meaning "person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having".
Usage notes[edit]

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -ech.

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §347

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ach ‎(plural -aich or -aichean)

  1. Forming nouns from nouns and adjectives with the sense of ‘person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having’.

Derived terms[edit]



Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh -ach, from Proto-Brythonic *-ox, with the vowel altered by influence from -af.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ach

  1. Forms a comparative of an adjective of one or two syllables.

Usage notes[edit]

Triggers fortition on the final consonant of the adjective, changing b/d/g to p/t/c.

Derived terms[edit]