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See also: eire, Eire, and Eiré


Proper noun[edit]


  1. Alternative form of Eire
    • 1989, Thomas E. Hachey, Joseph M. Hernon, Jr., Lawrence J. McCaffrey, “The de Valera Era, 1932–1959: Continuity and Change in Irish Life”, in The Irish Experience, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, →ISBN, section “The Irish Republic, 1948–1959”, page 217:
      British subjects in Éire could not vote, hold public office, or work in the government service of Éire, whereas Éire citizens in Britain could do all of these.
    • 2011, Gavin Hughes, “Commitment, Casualties and Loss: Comparative Aspects of Irish Regiments at Dunkirk 1940 and in Western Europe, 1944–1945”, in Gerald Morgan, Gavin Hughes, editors, Southern Ireland and the Liberation of France: New Perspectives (Reimagining Ireland; volume 33), Peter Lang, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 85:
      In the light of modern scholarship it now seems highly likely that the total recruitment figure for both Northern Irish and Éire citizens in the British Armed Forces stood at around 100–120,000 men and women.
    • 2018, Wendy Webster, “Introduction: ‘The Big Proposition’”, in Mixing It: Diversity in World War Two Britain, Oxford University Press, →ISBN, →LCCN, page 9:
      Since Éire remained in the Commonwealth during the war—leaving in 1949—it could be argued that volunteers and war workers from Éire belong in this list. Éire was the only Commonwealth country to remain neutral throughout the war.


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Alternative forms[edit]


From Old Irish Ériu, probably, although the É is unexpected and unexplained, from Proto-Celtic *Φīweriyū.[1][2]


Proper noun[edit]

Éire f (genitive Éireann)

  1. Ireland (an island in Europe)
  2. Ireland (a country in Europe)

Usage notes[edit]

The definite article is used only in the genitive case. This is one of the few nouns in Irish with a distinct dative case in the standard language.


Derived terms[edit]


Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
Éire nÉire hÉire not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  1. ^ Stüber, Karin (1998) The Historical Morphology of n-Stems in Celtic (Maynooth studies in Celtic linguistics; III), Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, →ISBN, page 95
  2. ^ Zair, Nicholas (2012) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Celtic, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 107