Ériu

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Middle Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish Ériu, from Proto-Celtic *Φīweryū, from Proto-Indo-European *piHweryon-, from *piHwer- (fat).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (earlier) IPA(key): /ˈeːrʲiu̯/, /ˈeːrʲu/
  • (later) IPA(key): /ˈeːrʲə/

Proper noun[edit]

Ériu f

  1. Ireland
    • c. 1000, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 1, published in Irische Teste, vol. 1 (1880), edited by Ernst Windisch:
      Ailbe ainm in chon, ocus lan Heriu dia aurdarcus.
      Ailbe was the dog’s name, and Ireland was full of his fame.
      Is í sein int ṡeised bruiden ro·boi i n‑Herind in tan sin []
      That is one of the six halls that were in Ireland at that time []
      (literally, “That is the sixth hall that was [] ”)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: Éire
  • Manx: Nerin
  • Scottish Gaelic: Èirinn

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
Ériu unchanged nÉriu
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *Φīweryū, from Proto-Indo-European *piHweryon-, from *piHwer- (fat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Ériu f

  1. Ireland
    Synonyms: Banba, Elg, Fódla

Declension[edit]

Feminine n-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative Ériu
Vocative Ériu
Accusative ÉrinnN
Genitive Érenn
Dative ÉrinnL, ÉriuL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
Ériu unchanged nÉriu
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.