cawl

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See also: ċawl

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A bowl of cawl.

Borrowed from Welsh cawl, itself borrowed from Latin caulis (stalk or stem of a plant, particularly a cabbage), from Proto-Indo-European *kaw(ǝ)l, *kh₂ulós, or *kowos (tubular bone; pipe). The English word is a doublet of caulis, cole, and kale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cawl (countable and uncountable, plural cawls)

  1. A traditional Welsh soup, typically made with beef, lamb, or salted bacon with carrot, leeks, potatoes, swedes, and other seasonal vegetables.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A variant of caul.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cawl (plural cawls)

  1. Alternative spelling of caul (a membrane or veil, especially over a baby's head)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Old English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin *cavallum, from cavea (hollow, cavity; cage, enclosure).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cāwl m

  1. basket
    • Lindisfarne Gospels, gloss on Mark 6: 43:
      et sustulerunt reliquias fragmentorum duodecim cophinos plenos et de piscibus / & genomon ða hlafo ðara screadunga tuoelf ceaulas fulle & of fiscum
      and then they took up twelve baskets full of the remains of the bread and the fish.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: cal, cale, calle, kalle, kelle, kolle

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh cawl, from Proto-Brythonic *kawl, from Latin caulis (stick or stem of a plant, cabbage-stalk, cabbage). Cognate with Cornish kowl, Breton kaol.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cawl m (diminutive cawlen)

  1. soup, pottage, broth; gruel
    1. (figuratively) mixture, hodgepodge, mess
  2. cabbage, colewort, potherbs

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cawl gawl nghawl chawl
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “cawl”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yola[edit]

Noun[edit]

cawl

  1. Alternative form of caule
    • 1867, GLOSSARY OF THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY:
      Pa cawl.
      Upon the horse.

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 60