Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱel-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*ḱel-[1][2]

  1. to cover

Extensions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ḱél-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *ḱl̥-ye-ti (ye-present)
    • Germanic: *huljaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱél-dʰh₁e-ti (dʰh₁e-present)
    • Germanic: *haldaną (to hold, to keep) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱél-mn̥
  • *ḱél-mō
    • Germanic: *helmô (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱel-mos
    • Germanic: *helmaz (helmet) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱel-nó- ~ *ḱol-nó-
    • Germanic: *hallō (hall) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *kelnā
  • *ḱēl-is
    • Germanic: *hēliz (deceitful) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱél-ōs ~ *ḱél-es-
  • *ḱol-es-o-
  • *ḱel-yo-
    • Germanic: *haljō (netherworld) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *keljom
  • *ḱl-eh₂-

Root[edit]

*ḱel-[3]

  1. to incline

Extensions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag