Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱley-

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Reanalysed root of *ḱléyti, from *ḱel- (to cover) +‎ *-éyti (*éy-present suffix).

Root[edit]

*ḱley-

  1. to shelter, cover
Derived terms[edit]
  • *ḱléy-tis ~ *ḱli-téys
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
  • *ḱléy-treh₂
  • *ḱloyw-ó-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *hlaiwaz (shelter) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱli-tó-m
  • *ḱli-tó-s (covered, sheltered)

Etymology 2[edit]

Reanalysed root of *ḱléyti, from *ḱel- (to incline) +‎ *-éyti (*éy-present suffix).[1][2]

Root[edit]

*ḱley-[1][3][4]

  1. to lean, slope, incline
Derived terms[edit]
Unsorted formations
  • Proto-Armenian:
  • Proto-Italic:
    • Latin: clēmēns (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Kroonen
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*ḱlei̯-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 332
  4. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 54: “*ḱley- 'lean, slope'”
  5. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “klēyo-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 2nd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 207
  6. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “klētā”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 2nd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 207: “*ḱley-t-”
  7. 7.0 7.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “*clīvus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 122: “*ḱloi-uo- 'slope, hill' or *ḱlei-u̯o- 'sloping'”
  8. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 54: “*ḱloy-wo- 'slope, rise'”