լինիմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *լէնիմ ‎(*lēnim), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱleyn-, from *ḱley- ‎(to lean). The verb is suppletive: part of the conjugation is filled by forms of եղանիմ ‎(ełanim).

Verb[edit]

լինիմ ‎(linim)  (aorist indicative եղէ)

  1. to be; to exist, to live
    լինել բերկրութիւն ուրուք‎ ― linel berkrutʿiwn urukʿ ― to be the joy or happiness of
    լինել ուրեք‎ ― linel urekʿ ― to sojourn; to dwell
    լինել ընդ կնոջ, ընդ միմեանս‎ ― linel ənd knoǰ, ənd mimeans ― to have commerce with, to be in intimate relation with, to have sex
    լինել ընդ ումեք‎ ― linel ənd umekʿ ― to stay with, to live together
    ի ցնծութիւն եւ ի հիացումն եղեւ աշխարհի‎ ― i cʿncutʿiwn ew i hiacʿumn ełew ašxarhi ― he was the glory and admiration of the whole world
    քաւ եւ մի՛ լիցի‎ ― kʿaw ew mí licʿi ― God forbid!
    ողջ լի՛ք/լերուք‎ ― ołǰ líkʿ/lerukʿ ― adieu! good bye! farewell
    լե՛ր‎ ― lér ― now! come on!
  2. to consist
  3. to become, to turn, to make one's self into
    լինել քահանայ‎ ― linel kʿahanay ― to be ordained priest
    լինել այր‎ ― linel ayr ― to become a man, to arrive at man's estate
    լինել առն‎ ― linel aṙn ― to marry, to be married
    արանց եւ կանանց լինէին‎ ― arancʿ ew kanancʿ linēin ― they married and were given in marriage
  4. to happen, to take place, to occur, to chance; to come to pass
    զի՞նչ լինիցի ընդ իս‎ ― zi?nčʿ linicʿi ənd is ― what shall I do? what will become of me?
    քաւ եւ մի՛ լիցի‎ ― kʿaw ew mí licʿi ― God forbid!
    որ ինչ լինելոց է եղիցի‎ ― or inčʿ linelocʿ ē ełicʿi ― happen what may!

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “լինիմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “լինիմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “լինիլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “լինիլ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5
  • Abrahamyan, Ašot (1976) Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), 4th edition, Yerevan: Luys
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 53