լինիմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *լէնիմ (*lēnim), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱleyn-, from *ḱley- (to lean). The verb is suppletive: part of the conjugation is filled by forms of եղանիմ (ełanim).

Verb[edit]

լինիմ (linim)  (aorist indicative եղէ)

  1. to be; to exist, to live
    լինել բերկրութիւն ուրուքlinel berkrutʿiwn urukʿto be the joy or happiness of
    լինել ուրեքlinel urekʿto sojourn; to dwell
    լինել ընդ կնոջ, ընդ միմեանսlinel ənd knoǰ, ənd mimeansto have commerce with, to be in intimate relation with, to have sex
    լինել ընդ ումեքlinel ənd umekʿto stay with, to live together
    ի ցնծութիւն եւ ի հիացումն եղեւ աշխարհիi cʿncutʿiwn ew i hiacʿumn ełew ašxarhihe was the glory and admiration of the whole world
    քաւ եւ մի՛ լիցիkʿaw ew mí licʿiGod forbid!
    ողջ լի՛ք/լերուքołǰ líkʿ/lerukʿadieu! good bye! farewell
    լե՛րlérnow! come on!
  2. to consist
  3. to become, to turn, to make one's self into
    լինել քահանայlinel kʿahanayto be ordained priest
    լինել այրlinel ayrto become a man, to arrive at man's estate
    լինել առնlinel aṙnto marry, to be married
    արանց եւ կանանց լինէինarancʿ ew kanancʿ linēinthey married and were given in marriage
  4. to happen, to take place, to occur, to chance; to come to pass
    զի՞նչ լինիցի ընդ իսzi?nčʿ linicʿi ənd iswhat shall I do? what will become of me?
    քաւ եւ մի՛ լիցիkʿaw ew mí licʿiGod forbid!
    որ ինչ լինելոց է եղիցիor inčʿ linelocʿ ē ełicʿihappen what may!

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “լինիմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “լինիմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “լինիլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “լինիլ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5
  • Abrahamyan, Ašot (1976) Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), 4th edition, Yerevan: Luys
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 53