cilium

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English[edit]

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Noun[edit]

cilium ‎(plural cilia)

  1. (botany) Hairs or similar protrusions along the margin of a plant organ.
  2. (cytology) A hairlike organelle projecting from a eukaryotic cell (such as a unicellular organism or one cell of a multicelled organism). These structures serve either for locomotion by moving or as sensors.

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱel-yo-m, which is derived from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel-(to cover).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cilium n ‎(genitive ciliī); second declension

  1. (anatomy) eyelid
  2. (Medieval Latin) eyelash

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cilium cilia
genitive ciliī ciliōrum
dative ciliō ciliīs
accusative cilium cilia
ablative ciliō ciliīs
vocative cilium cilia

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