cilium

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English[edit]

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Noun[edit]

cilium (plural cilia)

  1. (botany) Hairs or similar protrusions along the margin of a plant organ.
  2. (cytology) A hairlike organelle projecting from a eukaryotic cell (such as a unicellular organism or one cell of a multicelled organism). These structures serve either for locomotion by moving or as sensors.

Translations[edit]

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱel-yo-m, which is derived from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cilium n (genitive ciliī); second declension

  1. (anatomy) eyelid
  2. (Medieval Latin) eyelash

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cilium cilia
genitive ciliī ciliōrum
dative ciliō ciliīs
accusative cilium cilia
ablative ciliō ciliīs
vocative cilium cilia

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cilium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cilium” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • cilium in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016