शरण

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शरण (śaraṇa).

Noun[edit]

शरण (śaraṇf (Urdu spelling شرن)

  1. shelter, refuge
    हम छत के नीचे शरण ली।
    We took shelter under the roof.

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शरण”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

शरण (śaraṇam

  1. one of the arrows of Kamadeva
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणः (śaraṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य (śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणः (śaraṇaḥ) शरणौ (śaraṇau) शरणाः (śaraṇāḥ)
Vocative शरण (śaraṇa) शरणौ (śaraṇau) शरणाः (śaraṇāḥ)
Accusative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणौ (śaraṇau) शरणान् (śaraṇān)
Instrumental शरणेन (śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः (śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणाय (śaraṇāya) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् (śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य (śaraṇasya) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् (śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु (śaraṇeṣu)

Noun[edit]

शरण (śaraṇan

  1. falling asunder, bursting, falling in
  2. killing, slaying
  3. what slays or injures
Declension[edit]
Neuter a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणम् (śaraṇam)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य (śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Vocative शरण (śaraṇa) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Accusative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Instrumental शरणेन (śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः (śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणा (śaraṇā) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् (śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य (śaraṇasya) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् (śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु (śaraṇeṣu)

Etymology 2[edit]

From verbal root √śṛ (√śṛ) for श्रि (śri), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, conceal). Cognate with English helmet and color.

Adjective[edit]

शरण (śaraṇá)

  1. protecting, guarding, defending
  2. name of a serpent-demon
  3. name of a poet
  4. name of a king
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणः (śaraṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य (śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणः (śaraṇaḥ) शरणौ (śaraṇau) शरणाः (śaraṇāḥ)
Vocative शरण (śaraṇa) शरणौ (śaraṇau) शरणाः (śaraṇāḥ)
Accusative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणौ (śaraṇau) शरणान् (śaraṇān)
Instrumental शरणेन (śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः (śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणाय (śaraṇāya) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् (śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य (śaraṇasya) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् (śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु (śaraṇeṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणा (śaraṇā)
Gen. sg. शरणायाः (śaraṇāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणा (śaraṇā) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणाः (śaraṇāḥ)
Vocative शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणाः (śaraṇāḥ)
Accusative शरणाम् (śaraṇām) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणाः (śaraṇāḥ)
Instrumental शरणया (śaraṇayā) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणाभिः (śaraṇābhiḥ)
Dative शरणायै (śaraṇāyai) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणाभ्यः (śaraṇābhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणायाः (śaraṇāyāḥ) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणाभ्यः (śaraṇābhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणायाः (śaraṇāyāḥ) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् (śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणायाम् (śaraṇāyām) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणासु (śaraṇāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणम् (śaraṇam)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य (śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Vocative शरण (śaraṇa) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Accusative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Instrumental शरणेन (śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः (śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणा (śaraṇā) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् (śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य (śaraṇasya) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् (śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु (śaraṇeṣu)

Noun[edit]

शरण (śaraṇán

  1. shelter, place of shelter or refuge or rest, hut, house, habitation, abode, lair (of an animal), home, asylum
  2. refuge, protection, refuge with
    śaraṇaṃ √gam or √yā or √i etc — to go to any one for protection, seek refuge with (+accusative or genitive; often at the end of a compound)
  3. water
  4. (with इन्द्रस्य (indrasya)) name of a सामन् (sāman)
Declension[edit]
Neuter a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणम् (śaraṇam)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य (śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Vocative शरण (śaraṇa) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Accusative शरणम् (śaraṇam) शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणानि (śaraṇāni)
Instrumental शरणेन (śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः (śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणा (śaraṇā) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् (śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् (śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः (śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य (śaraṇasya) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् (śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे (śaraṇe) शरणयोः (śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु (śaraṇeṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1056