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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *sh₂em- (to sing). Cognate with Hittite [script needed] (išḫamai) and Ancient Greek ῠ̔́μνος (húmnos, song, hymn, ode).

The Uṇādi-sūtra, IV, 152 derives it from the root स्यति (syati) as "destroying sin"; in Yāska's Nirukta the word is apparently connected with सम्मित (sammita); by others derived from सनति (sanati), सान्त्वयति (sāntvayati).


सामन् (sā́mann

  1. any song or tune (sacred or profane, also the hum of bees)
  2. the faculty of uttering sounds


Neuter n-stem declension of सामन्
Nom. sg. साम (sāma)
Gen. sg. साम्नः (sāmnaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative साम (sāma) सामनी (sāmanī) सामानि (sāmāni)
Vocative साम (sāma) सामनी (sāmanī) सामानि (sāmāni)
Accusative साम (sāma) सामनी (sāmanī) सामानि (sāmāni)
Instrumental साम्ना (sāmnā) सामभ्याम् (sāmabhyām) सामभिः (sāmabhiḥ)
Dative साम्ने (sāmne) सामभ्याम् (sāmabhyām) सामभ्यः (sāmabhyaḥ)
Ablative साम्नः (sāmnaḥ) सामभ्याम् (sāmabhyām) सामभ्यः (sāmabhyaḥ)
Genitive साम्नः (sāmnaḥ) साम्नोः (sāmnoḥ) साम्नाम् (sāmnām)
Locative साम्नि (sāmni) साम्नोः (sāmnoḥ) सामसु (sāmasu)

Etymology 2[edit]

From root सनति (sanati, to gain, acquire).


सामन् (sā́mann

  1. acquisition, possession, property, wealth, abundance

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably connected with सान्त्वयति (sāntvayati, to console, comfort, soothe); according to some from सनति (sanati, to gain, acquire).


सामन् (sā́mann, m

  1. calming, tranquillizing, (especially) kind or gentle words for winning an adversary, conciliation, negotiation (one of the 4 उपाय (upāyas) or means of success against an enemy, the other 3 being दान (dāna), भेद (bheda), and दण्ड (daṇḍa))
  2. (in the beginning of a compound or instrumental singular and plural) "by friendly means or in a friendly way, willingly, voluntarily"