सामना

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Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀲𑀁𑀫𑀼𑀳 (saṃmuha), from Sanskrit सम्मुख (sam-mukhá, facing). Cognate with Marathi सामना (sāmnā), Punjabi ਸਾਹਮਣਾ (sāhmaṇā), Gujarati સામું (sāmũ) and Oriya ସାମନା (samôna). Doublet of सम्मुख (sammukh).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /sɑːm.nɑː/, [s̪ä̃ːm.n̪äː]

Noun[edit]

सामना (sāmnām (Urdu spelling سامنا‎)

  1. confrontation
    अब तो हमें उनका सामना करना पड़ेगा।
    ab to hamẽ unkā sāmnā karnā paṛegā.
    Now we will have to confront them.
  2. opposition, competition

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “सामना”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press.
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Tiwari, Bhola Nath, “सामना”, in A Practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House, 1970
  • Bahri, Hardev, “सामना”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons, 1989
  • Dāsa, Śyamāsundara, “सामना”, in Hindī Śabdasāgara [Comprehensive Hindi Dictionary] (in Hindi), Kashi [Varanasi]: Nagari Pracarini Sabha, 1965–1975.
  • सामना”, in Rekhta Urdu Dictionary, Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2021.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “saṁmukhá”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Maharastri Prakrit 𑀲𑀁𑀫𑀼𑀳 (saṃmuha), from Sanskrit सम्मुख (sam-mukhá, facing). Cognate with Hindustani सामना / سامنا(sāmnā), Punjabi ਸਾਹਮਣਾ (sāhmaṇā), Gujarati સામું (sāmũ) and Oriya ସାମନା (samôna). Doublet of सम्मुख (sammukh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

सामना (sāmnām

  1. match, confrontation

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “सामना”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas, “सामना”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press, 1857.
  • Date, Yasavanta Ramakrshna, “सामना”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala, 1932-1950.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “saṁmukhá”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.