दान

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sanskrit दान (dāna).

Noun[edit]

दान (dānm

  1. gift, offering, something given

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit दान (dāná).

Noun[edit]

दान (dānan

  1. gift

Sanskrit[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *déh₃nom (gift), from *deh₃- (to give) (whence ददाति (dádāti, to give)). Cognate with Latin dōnum (gift) and Old Irish dán (poem).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

दान (dānán

  1. generosity, giving
  2. (Buddhism, Hinduism) The practice of cultivating generosity.
    • Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, 5.2.3 (c. 700 BC):
      तदेतत्त्रयँ शिक्षेद् दमं दानं दयामिति
      tadetattrayam̐ śikṣed damaṃ dānaṃ dayāmiti
      Learn three cardinal virtues - self restraint, charity and compassion for all life.

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of दान
Nom. sg. दानम् (dānam)
Gen. sg. दानस्य (dānasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative दानम् (dānam) दाने (dāne) दानानि (dānāni)
Vocative दान (dāna) दाने (dāne) दानानि (dānāni)
Accusative दानम् (dānam) दाने (dāne) दानानि (dānāni)
Instrumental दानेन (dānena) दानाभ्याम् (dānābhyām) दानैः (dānaiḥ)
Dative दाना (dānā) दानाभ्याम् (dānābhyām) दानेभ्यः (dānebhyaḥ)
Ablative दानात् (dānāt) दानाभ्याम् (dānābhyām) दानेभ्यः (dānebhyaḥ)
Genitive दानस्य (dānasya) दानयोः (dānayoḥ) दानानाम् (dānānām)
Locative दाने (dāne) दानयोः (dānayoḥ) दानेषु (dāneṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 474/1