refuge

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Old French refuge, from Latin refugium, from re- + fugiō (flee). Doublet of refugium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛfjuːdʒ/
    • (file)
    • (file)

Noun[edit]

refuge (countable and uncountable, plural refuges)

  1. A state of safety, protection or shelter.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 9”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      Rocks, dens, and caves! But I in none of these / Find place or refuge.
  2. A place providing safety, protection or shelter.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
  3. Something or someone turned to for safety or assistance; a recourse or resort.
  4. An expedient to secure protection or defence.
    • c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii]:
      Their latest refuge / Was to send him.
    • a. 1639, Henry Wotton, An Essay on the Education of Children, in the First Rudiments of Learning, London: T. Waller, published 1753, page 17:
      This is occaſioned by this, that too too often the Teaching of a Grammar School is the ordinary Refuge that deſperate Perſons as to any other Employment in good Learning betake themſelves to; whilſt but a few know themſelves ſuited with intellectual and moral Abilities, and fewer have that Encouragement, when they undertake it, their Pains deſerve.
  5. A refuge island.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

refuge (third-person singular simple present refuges, present participle refuging, simple past and past participle refuged)

  1. (intransitive) To return to a place of shelter.
    • 2011, Michael D. Gumert, ‎Agustín Fuentes, ‎Lisa Jones-Engel, Monkeys on the Edge
      Among these macaques, although activity cycles are quite variable from location to location, refuging is a common characteristic.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To shelter; to protect.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin refugium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

refuge m (plural refuges)

  1. refuge

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

refuge

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of refugiō

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin refugium.

Noun[edit]

refuge m (oblique plural refuges, nominative singular refuges, nominative plural refuge)

  1. a refuge
  2. (figuratively) a protector or savior

Descendants[edit]

  • English: refuge
  • French: refuge