haven

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See also: Haven

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English haven, havene, from Old English hæfen (haven; harbour; port), from Proto-West Germanic *habanu, from Proto-Germanic *habnō, *habanō (compare Dutch haven, German Hafen, Norwegian/Danish havn, Swedish hamn), from Proto-Germanic *habą (sea) (compare Old English hæf, Middle Low German haf, Old Norse haf (sea), German Haff (bay or lagoon behind a spit), perhaps, in the sense of "heaving sea", etymologically identical with Old Norse haf (heaving, lifting, uplift, elevation), derived from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to lift, heave)), or from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pnós (compare Old Irish cúan (harbor, recess, haven)). Doublet of abra.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈheɪvən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪvən

Noun[edit]

haven (plural havens)

  1. A harbour or anchorage protected from the sea.
  2. (by extension) A place of safety; a refuge or sanctuary.
    • 2011 December 21, Helen Pidd, “Europeans migrate south as continent drifts deeper into crisis”, in the Guardian[2]:
      Since its conception, the European Union has been a haven for those seeking refuge from war, persecution and poverty in other parts of the world.
  3. (by extension) A peaceful place.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

haven (third-person singular simple present havens, present participle havening, simple past and past participle havened)

  1. To put into, or provide with a haven.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

haven c

  1. definite singular of have

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch havene, from Old Dutch *havana, from Proto-West Germanic *habanu, from Proto-Germanic *habnō, *habanō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

haven f (plural havens, diminutive haventje n)

  1. harbour
  2. port

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: hawe
  • Papiamentu: haf

Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *haben.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑʋen/, [ˈhɑʋe̞n]
  • Rhymes: -ɑʋen
  • Syllabification: ha‧ven

Noun[edit]

haven

  1. (dialectal) (single) hair
    Synonyms: hapsi, hius

Declension[edit]

Inflection of haven (Kotus type 49/askel, p-v gradation)
nominative haven
hapene
hapenet
hapeneet
genitive hapenen
hapeneen
hapenien
haventen
hapeneiden
hapeneitten
partitive haventa
hapenetta
hapenia
hapeneita
illative hapeneen
hapeneeseen
hapeniin
hapeneisiin
hapeneihin
singular plural
nominative haven
hapene
hapenet
hapeneet
accusative nom. haven
hapene
hapenet
hapeneet
gen. hapenen
hapeneen
genitive hapenen
hapeneen
hapenien
haventen
hapeneiden
hapeneitten
partitive haventa
hapenetta
hapenia
hapeneita
inessive hapenessa
hapeneessa
hapenissa
hapeneissa
elative hapenesta
hapeneesta
hapenista
hapeneista
illative hapeneen
hapeneeseen
hapeniin
hapeneisiin
hapeneihin
adessive hapenella
hapeneella
hapenilla
hapeneilla
ablative hapenelta
hapeneelta
hapenilta
hapeneilta
allative hapenelle
hapeneelle
hapenille
hapeneille
essive hapenena
hapeneena
hapenina
hapeneina
translative hapeneksi
hapeneeksi
hapeniksi
hapeneiksi
instructive hapenin
hapenein
abessive hapenetta
hapeneetta
hapenitta
hapeneitta
comitative hapenineen
hapeneineen
Possessive forms of haven (type askel)
possessor singular plural
1st person hapeneni
hapeneeni
hapenemme
hapeneemme
2nd person hapenesi
hapeneesi
hapenenne
hapeneenne
3rd person hapenensa
hapeneensa

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English habban, hafian, from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhaːvən/, /ˈhavən/, /ˈhabən/
  • (contracted) IPA(key): /haːn/

Verb[edit]

haven

  1. to own (to have ownership of):
    1. to possess (an abstraction; a quality)
    2. to include (as a part, ingredient, or feature).
    3. to hold; to have at disposal
  2. to get, acquire, or obtain:
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[3], published c. 1410, Joon 10:10, page 49v, column 1; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      a nyȝt þeef comeþ not .· but þat he ſteele ſle ⁊ leeſe / and I cam þat þey haue lijf .· ⁊ haue more plenteuouſli.
      A stealthy thief doesn't come unless he can steal, kill, and ruin. But I came so they could have life, and have it more abundantly.
    1. to take (in); to be given
    2. to have (a child); to give birth
  3. to do; to perform (an action):
    1. (with preposition) to take (away)
    2. to have (done); to cause to (do, be)
    3. to be obliged to do; to be scheduled to do.
  4. (auxillary) Denotes completion; forms the perfect tense.
  5. to keep; to maintain (in a condition)
  6. to have (in a certain relationship)
  7. to consider; to look upon
  8. to experience; to undergo

Usage notes[edit]

  • As in Modern English, haven may be used elliptically in auxiliary constructions if the main verb is implicit.
  • The perfect progressive construction (modern have been + present) is known in Middle English, though rare and late.
  • Some intransitive verbs may form the perfect with ben rather than haven.

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

haven

  1. definite plural of hav

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian *hafen, *haven, from Proto-West Germanic *habanu, from Proto-Germanic *habnō.

Noun[edit]

haven c (plural havens, diminutive haventsje)

  1. harbour
  2. haven, refuge

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • haven (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011