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- (fishing, Shetland, Scotland) the open sea, especially as a place to fish
- 1822, [Walter Scott], The Pirate. […], volumes (please specify |volume=I to III), Edinburgh: […] [James Ballantyne and Co.] for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co., →OCLC:
- The banks to which they repair for the haaf fishing, are often many miles distant from the station where the fish is dried; so that they are always twenty or thirty hours absent, frequently longer; and under unfavourable circumstances of wind and tide, they remain at sea, with a very small stock of provisions, and in a boat of a construction which seems extremely slender, for two or three days, and are sometimes heard of no more.
- 2003, Juliet Marillier, Foxmask (Saga of the Light Isles; 2), page 28:
- The haaf-boat was as well maintained as any vessel in the islands; her master had a reputation for thoroughness, for all he was barely twenty years of age.
- (fishing, Shetland) the practice of sea fishing for such as cod, ling and tusk
- 2005, James Coull, “7: The development of fishing communities with special reference to Scotland”, in Jonathan Potts, Hance D. Smith, editors, Managing Britain's Marine and Coastal Environment: Towards a Sustainable Future, page 145:
- Although men concentrated at the main haaf stations during the summer fishing season, they reverted to their homes in crofting townships for the remainder of the year.
- (archaic, Orkney, Shetland) the deep sea beyond coastal waters
- (fishing, Shetland) the deep-sea fishing carried out 30-40 miles offshore in open boats
- (fishing, Orkney, Shetland) deep-sea fishing, especially for cod, ling, tusk, etc.