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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *fugjō, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰug-yé-ti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewg-.


fugiō (present infinitive fugere, perfect active fūgī, supine fugitum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to flee, fly, take flight, escape, depart, run, run away, recede
    Synonyms: effugiō, ēvādō, cōnfugiō, aufugiō, prōfugiō, diffugiō, refugiō, perfugiō, āvolō, ēripiō, ēlābor, lābor
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.314:
      “Mēne fugis?” [...].
      “Are you running away from me?”
    • 86 CE – 103 CE, Martial, Epigrammata V.83:
      Insequeris, fugio; fugis, insequor
      You pursue, I flee; you flee, I pursue
  2. (intransitive) to speed, hasten, pass quickly
    Tempus fugitTime flies/passes quickly
  3. (transitive) to avoid, shun
    Synonyms: ēvādō, ēlūdō, vītō, ēvītō, dētrectō, āversor, abstineō, parcō, dēclīnō, exeō
    Antonyms: dēstinō, intendō, tendō, petō, quaerō, affectō, studeō, spectō, circumspiciō
   Conjugation of fugiō (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fugiō fugis fugit fugimus fugitis fugiunt
imperfect fugiēbam fugiēbās fugiēbat fugiēbāmus fugiēbātis fugiēbant
future fugiam fugiēs fugiet fugiēmus fugiētis fugient
perfect fūgī fūgistī fūgit fūgimus fūgistis fūgērunt,
pluperfect fūgeram fūgerās fūgerat fūgerāmus fūgerātis fūgerant
future perfect fūgerō fūgeris fūgerit fūgerimus fūgeritis fūgerint
passive present fugior fugeris,
fugitur fugimur fugiminī fugiuntur
imperfect fugiēbar fugiēbāris,
fugiēbātur fugiēbāmur fugiēbāminī fugiēbantur
future fugiar fugiēris,
fugiētur fugiēmur fugiēminī fugientur
perfect fugitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect fugitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect fugitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fugiam fugiās fugiat fugiāmus fugiātis fugiant
imperfect fugerem fugerēs fugeret fugerēmus fugerētis fugerent
perfect fūgerim fūgerīs fūgerit fūgerīmus fūgerītis fūgerint
pluperfect fūgissem fūgissēs fūgisset fūgissēmus fūgissētis fūgissent
passive present fugiar fugiāris,
fugiātur fugiāmur fugiāminī fugiantur
imperfect fugerer fugerēris,
fugerētur fugerēmur fugerēminī fugerentur
perfect fugitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect fugitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fuge fugite
future fugitō fugitō fugitōte fugiuntō
passive present fugere fugiminī
future fugitor fugitor fugiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives fugere fūgisse fugitūrum esse fugī fugitum esse fugitum īrī
participles fugiēns fugitūrus fugitus fugiendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
fugiendī fugiendō fugiendum fugiendō fugitum fugitū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. dative/ablative singular of fugium


  • fugio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fugio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fugio in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2024), Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • fugio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am not unaware: me non fugit, praeterit
    • (ambiguous) to keep out of a person's sight: fugere alicuius conspectum, aspectum
    • (ambiguous) to follow virtue; to flee from vice: honesta expetere; turpia fugere
    • (ambiguous) to shun society: hominum coetus, congressus fugere
    • (ambiguous) to shun publicity: publico carere, forum ac lucem fugere
    • (ambiguous) to flee like deer, sheep: pecorum modo fugere (Liv. 40. 27)