gairm

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gairm, from Proto-Celtic *garrman, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵh₂r̥-smn̥, from *ǵeh₂r- ‎(to shout, cry); see gair for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gairm f ‎(genitive singular as substantive gairme, genitive as verbal noun gairthe, nominative plural gairmeacha)

  1. verbal noun of gair
  2. call
    1. summons
    2. name, title
    3. inaugural proclamation
  3. calling
    1. divine call, vocation
    2. profession, occupation
  4. acclaim

Declension[edit]

(as verbal noun):

(as substantive):

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gairm ‎(present analytic gairmeann, future analytic gairmfidh, verbal noun gairm, past participle gairmthe)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of gair ‎(call; invoke; acclaim)
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gairm ghairm ngairm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "gairm" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • gairm” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gairm, from Proto-Celtic *garrman, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵh₂r̥-smn̥, from *ǵeh₂r- ‎(to shout, cry).

Verb[edit]

gairm ‎(past ghairm, future gairmidh, verbal noun gairm, past participle gairmte)

  1. call, cry
  2. crow (cock, etc.)
  3. declare (war, ceasefire, etc.)
  4. draft (into armed forces)

Noun[edit]

gairm f ‎(genitive singular gairme, plural gairmean or gairmeannan)

  1. verbal noun of gairm
  2. cry, call
  3. crow (cock's)
  4. proclamation

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
gairm ghairm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • gairm” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.