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U+51CA, 凊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51CA

[U+51C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 15, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈一手一月 (IMQMB), four-corner 35127, composition(GHT) or (JK))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 132, character 42
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1666
  • Dae Jaweon: page 296, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 298, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+51CA

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiajŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qìng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]eŋ-s/
English cold

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11343
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cool, cold
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“clear; limpid; clean; unstained; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheong) (hangeul , revised cheong, McCune–Reischauer ch'ŏng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.