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U+8165, 腥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8165

[U+8164]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8166]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月日竹一 (BAHM), four-corner 76214, composition)

  1. raw meat, including the odor thereof
  2. rank, strong-smelling

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 988, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1440, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2095, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+8165

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • seng - literary;
  • chhiⁿ/chheⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (16) (16)
Final () (125) (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seŋ/ /seŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/seŋ/ /seŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛŋ/ /sɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjŋ/ /sɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/seŋ/ /seŋH/
Wang
Li
/sieŋ/ /sieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieŋ/ /sieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng xìng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11375 11381
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*seːŋ/ /*seːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. having a fishy smell

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. smelly, as of raw fish or meat

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
なまぐさ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Root stem of adjective 生臭い, 腥い (namagusai, smelling of fish, meat, or blood; stinky, bad-smelling),[1][2] itself a compound of (nama, raw, uncooked) +‎ 臭い (kusa, stink, bad smell, root stem of 臭い kusai, “stinky, bad-smelling”). The kusa changes to gusa as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なまぐさ, rōmaji namagusa)

  1. a smell of fish, meat, or blood
  2. a stink, a bad smell

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tinh, tanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.