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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水水水木 (EEED), four-corner 17904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 526, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14772
  • Dae Jaweon: page 914, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1209, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6851

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /sɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /saŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /saŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /saŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /saŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /saŋ²¹/
Xining /sɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /sɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /sɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /sɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /saŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /saŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /saŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /sã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /saŋ³¹/
Hefei /sɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
/ɕyə¹³/
Hohhot /sɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /sɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /suɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /so³¹/
Tunxi /sau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /san³³/
Xiangtan /sɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /soŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /soŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sɔŋ⁵⁵/
/sŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /saŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sāng ‹ sang › /*[s]ˤaŋ/ mulberry tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10980 0 /*sŋaːŋ/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Definitions[edit]

  1. mulberry tree
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese さん ‎(-san). Compare Min Nan 卡桑 (khà-sàng), 多桑 (tò-sàng), 歐巴桑欧巴桑 (o͘-bá-sáng), and 歐吉桑欧吉桑 (o͘-jí-sáng).

Definitions[edit]

  1. (ACG, Internet slang) -san

Related terms[edit]

  • (jiàng, “-chan”), (tàn), (tàn, “-tan”), (jūn, “-kun”), (yàng, “-sama”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くわ, romaji kuwa)

  1. mulberry

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tang, dâu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.