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U+8449, 葉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8449

[U+8448]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+844A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿心廿木 (TPTD), four-corner 44904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1044, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31387
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1504, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3243, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+8449

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɦljebs, *hljebs
*l̥ʰebs, *lebs
*ʔljebs
*hljebs
*lebs, *sled
*lebs
*lebs
*lebs
*lebs
*lebs, *led
*lebs
*lebs, *libs
*l̥ʰeːbs
*l̥ʰaːb, *l'eːb
*zreːb, *sled
*zreːb, *l̥ʰeb, *leb
*rlaːb, *ʔl'eːb, *l'eːb
*rlaːb, *sleːb
*l'eb, *leb, *lab
*hljeb, *leb
*hljeb, *hleːb
*hljeb, *sleːb
*leb
*leb
*leb, *l'eːb, *ɦljed
*leb
*leb, *hleːb
*l̥ʰeːb, *l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*sleːb
*sleːb
*sled
*sled
*sled
*sled
*sled

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljeb, *leb): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *leb, flat).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-lap (leaf). Cognate with Tibetan ལོ་མ (lo ma, leaf), Western Tibetan ལོབ་མ (lob ma, leaf). Related to (OC *hljebs, “world”).

This is part of the word family *lVp meaning “flat”, represented by the phonetic component (OC *leb). Compare also (OC *rlaː, “tea < *leaf”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • hio̍h - vernacular (substitute for );
  • ia̍p - literary (including the surname).
Note:
  • hiêh8/hioh8 - vernacular (substitute for );
  • iab8/iag8 - literary (including the surname).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɛ⁵¹/
    Harbin /iɛ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ie⁵³/
    Jinan /iə²¹/
    Qingdao /iə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /iɛ²¹/
    Xining /i⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ie¹³/
    Lanzhou /iə¹³/
    Ürümqi /iɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ie²¹³/
    Chengdu /ie³¹/
    Guiyang /ie²¹/
    Kunming /iɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /ieʔ⁵/
    Hefei /iɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəʔ²/
    Pingyao /iʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /iaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦiɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ɦiəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦiəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ji²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ie²²/
    Tunxi /ia¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ie²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ie²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /iɛʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /iap̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ʒɑp̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jip̚²/
    Nanning /jip̚²²/
    Hong Kong /jip̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iap̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sia⁴²/
    /xiɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iap̚⁵/
    /hioʔ⁵/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /iap̚³/
    /hio³³/ 訓箬

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (155)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jiᴇp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɛp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /jæp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jiap̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /iɛp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭɛp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ɛp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yep ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l[a]p/
    English leaf

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11561
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*leb/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. leaf; petal
    2. page of book
    3. era; epoch
    4. (southern Wu, Min) wing
    5. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (leaf): (Min)

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    Wikipedia has an article on:
    葉姓


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (155)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiap̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    she
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11557
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljeb/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. () Ye County, Henan, China
    2. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (ha, ): sunlight through leaves.
    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    /pa//fa//ha/

    From Old Japanese.[1] Probably cognate with Old Japanese verb 生ゆ (hayu, to sprout, to grow) → modern 生える (haeru), and with (ha, feather; wing). Probably also cognate with (ha, tooth) from the way that both sprout and then later fall, and with (ha, blade) from similarities in shape. Compare English blade.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana , rōmaji ha)

    1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    /epu//efu//eu//yoː/

    From Middle Chinese (yep, leaf).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana よう, rōmaji , historical hiragana えふ)

    1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
    2. a season, an age: a shorter period of time within a longer one
    3. an administration: the period of time during which a certain person holds a certain office

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana よう, rōmaji -yō, historical hiragana えふ)

    1. (rare) counter for flat, thin things such as leaves or paper
    2. (by extension) counter for small boats

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (yeop, seop) (hangeul , , McCune–Reischauer yŏp, sŏp, Yale yep, sep)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Derived from Proto-Japonic pa. Cognate with Kunigami phaá, Middle Japanese ɸa, and modern Japanese ha.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふぁー, romaji )

    1. leaf

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (diệp, diếp, dợp, dớp, đẹp, giấp, giẹp, nhịp, riếp, dào)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.