生ゆ

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū of 759 CE.[1][2]

Analyzable as ha (probably cognate with (ha, leaf), (ha, tooth), with a common sense of “sprout”) + (yu, verb-forming suffix deriving from Old Japanese, indicating spontaneous, passive, or potential action; compare 見ゆ (miyu), older form of modern 見える (mieru, to be able to see; to seem)).

Also cognate with Old Japanese and Classical 映ゆ (hayu, to appear, to come into view), modern 映える (haeru).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

生ゆ (intransitive, shimo nidan conjugation, hiragana はゆ, rōmaji hayu)

  1. (archaic) to grow, sprout

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  •  ()えす (haesu, to sprout, to grow, intransitive; rare, possibly obsolete)
  •  ()える (haeru, to sprout, to grow, intransitive; modern form)
  •  ()やす (hayasu, to make something grow, transitive; modern form)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Verb[edit]

生ゆ (payu) (kana はゆ)

  1. to grow, sprout

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: 生える (haeru)