言葉

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: 2
は > ば
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (koto, word) +‎ (ha, edge; beginning, end).[1] The ha changes to ba as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The term (koto) was formerly the main term for word in Japanese. This term is also cognate with (koto, thing, fact, event). The ha may have been added to differentiate from (koto).

The spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

The alternative forms are used almost exclusively in compounds.

Noun[edit]

言葉 (hiragana ことば, rōmaji kotoba)

  1. a word, a term
  2. language, speech

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.
  • 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067