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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 160 +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 月月卜廿十 (BBYTJ), four-corner 20241, composition𤔔)

  1. words, speech, expression, phrase
  2. dismiss, resign (originally , later confused)
  3. to depart, to go away from

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38671
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1732, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4043, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+8FAD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰz̩²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰz̩²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰz̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰz̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰz̩²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sʰz̩²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰz̩¹³/
/sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩¹³/
Suzhou /zz̩¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩²¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sz̩¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zz̩¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰi²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
/si³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sy⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯ⁵⁵/
/si⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ti³¹/ ~別
/si³¹/ ~典
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (17)
Final: (19)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/zɨ/ /zɨ/ /zie/ /zɨ/ /ziə/ /zĭə/ /zi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ zi › /*sə.lə/ words

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1684 0 /*ljɯ/

Noun[edit]

  1. diction; phraseology
  2. Ci (a form of classical poetry)

Verb[edit]

  1. to depart; to take one's leave
  2. to dismiss; to discharge; to fire
  3. to resign; to hand in
  4. to shirk

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. words
  2. speech
  3. expression
  4. phrase

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(từ)

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