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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 160 +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 月月卜廿十 (BBYTJ), four-corner 20241)

  1. words, speech, expression, phrase
  2. dismiss, resign (originally , later confused)
  3. ​to depart, to go away from

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38671
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1732, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4043, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+8FAD

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (辭), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 似兹切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨ/ /zi/ /ziə/ /zɨ/ /zɨ/ /zĭə/ /zie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ zi › /*sə.lə/ words

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1684 0 /*ljɯ/

Noun[edit]

  1. diction; phraseology
  2. Ci (a form of classical poetry)

Verb[edit]

  1. ​to depart; to take one's leave
  2. to dismiss; to discharge; to fire
  3. to resign; to hand in
  4. to shirk

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. words
  2. speech
  3. expression
  4. phrase

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(từ)

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