だけ

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See also: たけ

Japanese[edit]

Alternative spelling

Etymology[edit]

Derived from (take, height, limit). Usage as a particle appears after 1600, during the Edo period.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

だけ (dake

  1. in a negative, limiting sense: only, just, limit
    ローマ()だけ()(しょ)
    Rōmaji dake no jisho
    rōmaji-only dictionary
    • 1905, 夏目漱石 (Natsume Sōseki), 吾輩は猫である (Wagahai wa Neko de aru, “I Am a Cat”), Mōri Yasotarō (tr.):
      (なん)ても暗薄(くらうす)いじめじめした(ところ)でニャー/\(ニャー)()いて()(こと)(だけ)記憶(きおく)して()る。
      Nantemo kurausui jimejime shita tokoro de nyānyā naite wita koto dake wa kioku shite wiru.
      All I remember is that I was miaowing in a dampish dark place
    Synonym: ばかり (bakari)
  2. in a positive, non-limiting sense: amount, as much as
    ()たいだけ()いい
    Netai dake nete ii.
    You can sleep as much as you want.
    これだけしてるのに
    kore dake shiteru no ni
    Even though I'm doing as much as this / Even though I'm doing this much
    Synonym: ほど

Usage notes[edit]

The particle is exclusively written in kana in modern usage.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN