ばかり

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See also: はかり

Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shift from noun 計り, 測り, 量り (hakari, measurement, amount, full amount), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 計る, 測る, 量る (hakaru, to measure, to weigh, to calculate).[1][2] The meaning seems to have shifted from amount to fully, and from there to just or only.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

ばかり (rōmaji bakari)

  1. (〜たばかり -ta bakari) just (recently completed action)
     ()べたばかりだ。
    Tabeta bakari da.
    I just ate.
  2. (noun + ばかり) full of
     (とう) (きょう) (ひと)ばかりだ。
    Tōkyō wa hito bakari da.
    Tokyo is just full of people.
  3. (〜てばかり -te bakari) only, always
     (かれ) ()べてばかり ()る。
    Kare wa tabete bakari iru.
    He's always eating.

Usage notes[edit]

Used in various senses, similarly to English justjust did something, just full of, just sitting there. Senses are distinguished grammatically, as per forms above.

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Proverbs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN