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See also: 𦤀
U+81ED, 臭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81ED

[U+81EC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81EE]
Ufa5c.svg
U+FA5C, 臭
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA5C

[U+FA5B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA5D]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

  • In Japanese shinjitai, the bottom component is simplified to , rather than the traditional (dog).
    • This character has technically been encoded in Unicode as 𦤀 (U+26900) but is not used in Japanese computing; instead, the character (U+81ED) changes appearance depending on the font.
    • A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+FA5C for the kyūjitai form used in Japanese which contains as its bottom component.

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes
Stroke order (Japan)
9 strokes

(radical 132, +4 in Chinese, 自+3 in Japanese, 10 strokes in Chinese, 9 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 竹山戈大 (HUIK), four-corner 26430, composition(GHTKV or U+FA5C) or ⿱(J))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30103
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1456, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3047, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+81ED

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𦤀

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (dog) + (nose), referring to the dog's strong sense of smell.

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) considers it to be cognate with (OC *kʰju, “sound of an ox breathing”) and connects it to Burmese ဟိုက် (huik, to pant).

Also compare (OC *qʰluʔ, “to rot; to decay”) (Baxter and Sagart, 2014).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhàu - vernacular;
  • chhiù - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰɨuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰiuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰiəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰuwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯ə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cau3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chòu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*t-qʰu(ʔ)-s/
    English odor, to stink (intransitive)?

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1535
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰljus/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bad smell
      /   ―  chòu  ―  body odour
    2. bad name; bad reputation
      萬年 / 万年  ―  chòuwànnián  ―  to go down in history as a byword of infamy
    3. smelly; stinky
      豆腐  ―  chòudòufu  ―  stinky tofu
      有人覺得榴槤有人覺得 [MSC, trad.]
      有人觉得榴梿有人觉得 [MSC, simp.]
      Yǒurén juéde liúlián hěn chòu, yě yǒurén juéde hěn xiāng. [Pinyin]
      Some people think durian is stinky, while others think it smells good.
    4. ugly; repulsive
      架子  ―  chòujiàzi  ―  stinking pretension
    5. fiercely
      /   ―  chòu  ―  to scold fiercely
    6. bad; poor (luck, skill, etc)
    7. fragrance

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chòu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xjuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰu(ʔ)-s/
    English odor, to stink (intransitive)?

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. odour
      無色 / 无色  ―  wúsè wúxiù  ―  colourless and odourless
    2. Original form of (xiù, “to smell”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. stinking, ill-smelling, stink
    2. odor, savor, fragrance, be fragrant
    3. suspicious looking
    4. glow, be bright

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しゅう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi
    Alternative spelling
    (kyūjitai)

    Suffix[edit]

    (しゅう) (-shū

    1. smell of
    2. (slang, figuratively) stench of; whiff of; scent of
      昭和(しょうわ)(しゅう)(ただよ)わせてる(もの)
      Shōwa-shū o tadayowaseteru mono
      something that reeks of the Shōwa era

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (chu) based on Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕʰɨuH).

    Historical Readings
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 내〮 (Yale: náy) ᄎᆔ〯 (Yale: chywǔy)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕʰɥi(ː)] ~ [t͡ɕʰy(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 냄새 (naemsae chwi))

    1. Hanja form? of (smell).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: , , , xấu, khứu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.