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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

In Japanese, the bottom character is simplified to , rather than the traditional ‎(dog).

Han character[edit]

(radical 132 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山戈大 (HUIK), four-corner 26430, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30103
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1456, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3047, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+81ED

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(dog) +  ‎(nose), referring to the dog's strong sense of smell.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuwH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chòu chòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhuwH › ‹ xjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*t-qʰu(ʔ)-s/ /*qʰu(ʔ)-s/
English odor, to stink (intransitive)? odor, to stink (intransitive)?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1535
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰljus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bad smell
    /   ―  chòu  ―  body odour
  2. bad name; bad reputation
    萬年 / 万年  ―  chòu wànnián  ―  to go down in history as a byword of infamy
  3. smelly; stinky
    豆腐  ―  chòudòufu  ―  stinky tofu
  4. ugly; repulsive
    架子  ―  chòujiàzi  ―  stinking pretension
  5. fiercely
    /   ―  chòu  ―  to scold fiercely

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. odour
    無色 / 无色  ―  wúsè wúxiù  ―  colourless and odourless
  2. Original form of (xiù, “to smell”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chwi, hu) (hangeul , , revised chwi, hu, McCune-Reischauer ch'wi, hu, Yale chwi, hwu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , , xấu, khứu)

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