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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

In Japanese, the bottom character is simplified to , rather than the traditional ‎(dog).

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(dog) +  ‎(nose), referring to the dog's strong sense of smell.

Han character[edit]

(radical 132 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山戈大 (HUIK), four-corner 26430, composition)

  1. smell, stink, emit foul odor

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30103
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1456, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3047, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+81ED

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (臭), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 昌 (24)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 尺救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰɨuH/ /t͡ɕʰi̯ə̯uH/ /t͡ɕʰiuH/ /t͡ɕʰiuH/ /cʰuwH/ /t͡ɕʰĭəuH/ /t͡ɕʰiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chòu ‹ tsyhuwH › /*t-qʰu(ʔ)-s/ odor, to stink (intransitive)?
chòu ‹ xjuwH › /*qʰu(ʔ)-s/ odor, to stink (intransitive)?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1535 1 /*kʰljus/

Noun[edit]

  1. bad smell
    /   ―  chòu  ―  body odour
  2. bad name, bad reputation
    萬年 / 万年  ―  chòu wànnián  ―  to go down in history as a byword of infamy

Adjective[edit]

  1. smelly, stinky
    豆腐  ―  chòudòufu  ―  stinky tofu
  2. ugly, repulsive
    架子  ―  chòujiàzi  ―  stinking pretension

Adverb[edit]

  1. fiercely
    /   ―  chòu  ―  to scold fiercely

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. (formal) odour
    無色 / 无色  ―  wúsè wúxiù  ―  colourless and odourless

Verb[edit]

  1. (ancient form of ) to smell

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chwi, hu) (hangeul , , revised chwi, hu, McCune-Reischauer ch'wi, hu, Yale chwi, hwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , , xấu, khứu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.