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See also: and
U+8166, 腦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8166

[U+8165]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8167]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月女女田 (BVVW), four-corner 72263, composition𡿺)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 988, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29681
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1440, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2100, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8166

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nuːʔ, *nuːs
*nuːʔ
*nuːʔ
*nuːʔ
*nuːʔ
*rnuː
𣳦 *rnuː

Originally , an ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (hair) +  (head; fontanel). was later replaced with (“flesh”).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw-k.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwan:
    • náu - vernacular;
    • ló - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • nao2 - literary;
    • lo2 - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nawX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[u]ʔ/
    English brain

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9370
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) brain (Classifier: m c)
    2. head
    3. brains; mind
      唔使 / 唔使 [Cantonese]  ―  m4 sai2 jung6 nou5 nam2 [Jyutping]  ―  no need to use one's brains
    4. to smash one's head
    5. core; central part
    6. brain-like object or substance
      豆腐 / 豆腐  ―  dòufunǎo  ―  tofu pudding
    7. (Cantonese) Short for 電腦电脑 (diànnǎo, “computer”). (Classifier: c)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nào
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9375
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    (noe) (hangeul )

    1. Hanja form? of (brain).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (não)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.