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See also: and
U+8166, 腦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8166

[U+8165]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8167]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月女女田 (BVVW), four-corner 72263, composition𡿺)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 988, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29681
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1440, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2100, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8166

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Originally , an ideogrammic compound (會意): + (hair) + (head; fontanel). was later replaced with (“flesh”).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw-k. Cognate with Burmese ဦးနှောက် (u:hnauk), Sichuan Yi (o not, brain), Jingpho nu' (brain), Drung unu (brain; mind), Japhug tɯrnoʁ, S'gaw Karen ခိၣ်နူာ် (khoh̀ noọ , brain).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwan:
    • náu - vernacular;
    • ló - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • nao2 - literary;
    • lo2 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nawX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[u]ʔ/
    English brain

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9370
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) brain (Classifier: m c)
    2. head
    3. brains; mind
      唔使 / 唔使 [Cantonese]  ―  m4 sai2 jung6 nou5 nam2 [Jyutping]  ―  no need to use one's brains
    4. to smash one's head
    5. core; central part
    6. brain-like object or substance
      豆腐 / 豆腐  ―  dòufunǎo  ―  tofu pudding
    7. (Chinese) Short for 電腦电脑 (diànnǎo, “computer”). (Classifier: c)

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (のう) ()
    • Korean: (, noe)
    • Vietnamese: não ()

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nào
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9375
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC nɑuX). Recorded as Middle Korean 노〯 (Yale: nwo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Noun[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 머릿 (meoritgol noe))

    1. Hanja form? of (brain).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 漬く (naduku, to be immersed in water (or other liquid)).

    Noun[edit]

    (naduki1) (kana なづき)

    1. the brain

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán tự in this term

    Han character[edit]

    (não)

    Noun[edit]

    1. Hán tự form of não (brain).