冷たい

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
つめ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "冷たい"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 冷たく めたく [tsùmétákú]
Terminal (終止形) 冷たい めたい
めた
[tsùmétáí]
[tsùmétáꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 冷たい めたい [tsùmétáí]
Key constructions
Informal negative 冷たくない めたくな [tsùmétákúnáꜜì]
Informal past 冷たかった めたかった [tsùmétáꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 冷たくなかった めたくなかった [tsùmétákúnáꜜkàttà]
Formal 冷たいです めたいです [tsùmétáꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 冷たくて めたくて [tsùmétáꜜkùtè]
Conditional 冷たければ めたければ [tsùmétáꜜkèrèbà]

Adjective[edit]

(つめ)たい (tsumetai-i (adverbial (つめ)たく (tsumetaku))

  1. (of an object) cold
  2. cold (unfriendly)
    (こころ)(つめ)たい(ひと)
    kokoro ga tsumetai hito
    cold-hearted person
Inflection[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Adjective[edit]

(つべ)たい (tsubetai-i (adverbial (つべ)たく (tsubetaku))

  1. (of an object) cold
  2. cold (unfriendly)
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.