寒い

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
さむ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "寒い"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 寒く むく
[sáꜜmùkù]
[sàmúꜜkù]
Terminal (終止形) 寒い [sàmúꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 寒い [sàmúꜜì]
Key constructions
Informal negative 寒くない むくない
くない
[sáꜜmùkùnàì]
[sàmúꜜkùnàì]
Informal past 寒かった むかった
かった
[sáꜜmùkàttà]
[sàmúꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 寒くなかった むくなかった
くなかった
[sáꜜmùkùnàkàttà]
[sàmúꜜkùnàkàttà]
Formal 寒いです いです [sàmúꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 寒くて むくて
くて
[sáꜜmùkùtè]
[sàmúꜜkùtè]
Conditional 寒ければ むければ
ければ
[sáꜜmùkèrèbà]
[sàmúꜜkèrèbà]

Adjective[edit]

(さむ) (samui-i (adverbial (さむ) (samuku))

  1. cold (ambient temperature, as a winter day is cold)
    今日(きょう)(さむ)
    Kyō wa samui.
    It is cold today.
  2. (figuratively) fearful
    背筋(せすじ)(さむ)なる
    sesuji ga samuku naru
    a chill runs down one's spine
  3. (of a joke) terrible; not funny

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN